http://justenergy.com/20220331#UnrealizedGainLossOnDerivativesAndOtherInstruments0001538789--03-312022FYfalse00-00000004807863748078637http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#LongTermDebtAndCapitalLeaseObligationsCurrent http://fasb.org/us-gaap/2021-01-31#OtherLiabilitiesNoncurrenthttp://justenergy.com/20220331#UnrealizedGainLossOnDerivativesAndOtherInstruments0.03P5YP1Y0001538789us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:EquityComponentOfConvertibleDebenturesMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:PreferredStockMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsAppropriatedMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2022-03-310001538789je:DividendsAndDistributionsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsAppropriatedMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-03-310001538789je:DividendsAndDistributionsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsAppropriatedMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-03-310001538789je:ShareholdersCapitalMember2020-03-310001538789je:EquityComponentOfConvertibleDebenturesMember2020-03-310001538789je:DividendsAndDistributionsMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsAppropriatedMember2019-03-310001538789us-gaap:PreferredStockMember2019-03-310001538789us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2019-03-310001538789us-gaap:CommonStockMember2019-03-310001538789us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-03-310001538789us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-03-310001538789je:EquityComponentOfConvertibleDebenturesMember2019-03-310001538789je:DividendsAndDistributionsMember2019-03-310001538789us-gaap:CommonStockMember2022-03-310001538789je:ShareholdersCapitalMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:CommonStockMember2021-03-310001538789je:ShareholdersCapitalMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:PreferredStockMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-10-122020-10-1200015387892020-09-280001538789us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-10-120001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMember2021-02-032021-02-030001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMemberje:PreviousPlansMember2022-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMemberje:PreviousPlansMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2020-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMember2020-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMember2020-10-092020-10-090001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMemberje:PreviousPlansMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789country:US2021-04-012022-03-310001538789country:CA2021-04-012022-03-310001538789country:US2020-04-012021-03-310001538789country:CA2020-04-012021-03-310001538789country:US2019-04-012020-03-310001538789country:CA2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-10-092020-10-090001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:LenderSupportAgreementMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:LenderSupportAgreementMember2021-03-182021-03-1800015387892022-04-012022-06-300001538789srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCapitalizedPropertyPlantAndEquipmentMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:LandAndBuildingMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCapitalizedPropertyPlantAndEquipmentMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:LandAndBuildingMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:GeneracHoldingsInc.Memberje:EcobeeMemberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember2021-12-012021-12-310001538789je:GeneracHoldingsInc.Memberje:EcobeeMember2021-12-012021-12-310001538789je:GeneracHoldingsInc.Memberje:EcobeeMemberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember2021-12-012021-12-010001538789us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2022-03-310001538789je:BrokersNetworksMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:LongTermDebtMember2022-03-310001538789je:TradeAndOtherPayablesMember2022-03-310001538789je:NonCommodityTradeAccrualsAndAccountsPayableSubjectToCompromiseMember2022-03-310001538789je:DebtsAndFinancingSubjectToCompromiseMember2022-03-310001538789je:CommoditySuppliersAccrualsAndPayablesSubjectToCompromiseMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:NoncontrollingInterestMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsAppropriatedMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsAppropriatedMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:RetainedEarningsAppropriatedMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789stpr:TX2019-07-230001538789stpr:CA-ON2019-07-230001538789je:PacificInvestmentManagementCompanyDebtorInPossessionFacilityMember2022-03-310001538789je:FilterGroupFinancingMember2022-03-310001538789je:PacificInvestmentManagementCompanyDebtorInPossessionFacilityMember2021-03-310001538789je:FilterGroupFinancingMember2021-03-310001538789je:PacificInvestmentManagementCompanyDebtorInPossessionFacilityMemberje:ProtectionUnderCompaniesCreditorsArrangementActCanadaCcaaMember2022-03-310001538789je:CreditFacilityMember2021-03-180001538789je:LenderSupportAgreementMember2022-03-310001538789srt:MinimumMember2022-03-310001538789srt:MaximumMember2022-03-310001538789je:SupplierFinanceAndOthersMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:PacificInvestmentManagementCompanyDebtorInPossessionFacilityMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:FilterGroupFinancingMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:CreditFacilityMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:TermLoanMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:SupplierFinanceAndOthersMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:PacificInvestmentManagementCompanyDebtorInPossessionFacilityMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:NoteIndentureMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:LoanAt8.75PercentMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:FilterGroupFinancingMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:CreditFacilityMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor160MillionCanadianDollarsMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor100MillionCanadianDollarsMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleBondsAt6.5PercentMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:SupplierFinanceAndOthersMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:LoanAt8.75PercentMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:FilterGroupFinancingMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:CreditFacilityMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor160MillionCanadianDollarsMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor100MillionCanadianDollarsMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleBondsAt6.5PercentMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-03-310001538789je:CommercialSegmentMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:FilterGroupFinancingMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:EdgepowerIncMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:CommercialSegmentMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:CommercialSegmentMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:MassMarketSegmentMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:MassMarketSegmentMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:MassMarketSegmentMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:CommercialSegmentMember2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMemberus-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMemberus-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:CorporateNonSegmentMemberus-gaap:CorporateAndOtherMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:LongerLifeSpansThan5YearsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2020-03-310001538789us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:PacificInvestmentManagementCompanyDebtorInPossessionFacilityMember2022-03-310001538789je:GeneracHoldingsInc.Memberje:EcobeeMemberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember2021-12-010001538789je:DividendsAndDistributionsMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:DividendsAndDistributionsMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberje:JustEnergyIrelandLimitedMember2019-12-180001538789us-gaap:DiscontinuedOperationsDisposedOfBySaleMemberje:HudsonEnergySupplyUkLimitedMember2019-11-290001538789je:HeatingDegreeDaysNaturalGasSwapsSecondExpiryDateMembersrt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:EnergyRelatedDerivativeMember2022-03-310001538789je:HeatingDegreeDaysNaturalGasSwapsSecondExpiryDateMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:EnergyRelatedDerivativeMember2022-03-310001538789je:HeatingDegreeDaysNaturalGasSwapsFirstExpiryDateMembersrt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:EnergyRelatedDerivativeMember2022-03-310001538789je:HeatingDegreeDaysNaturalGasSwapsFirstExpiryDateMembersrt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:EnergyRelatedDerivativeMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:OtherContractMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:OtherContractMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:OtherContractMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMemberus-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:OtherContractMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentLiabilitiesMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherNoncurrentAssetsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentLiabilitiesMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherCurrentAssetsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:SwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:SwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForwardContractsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:SwapMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherContractMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:SwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:SwapMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherContractMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForwardContractsMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:SwapMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherContractMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:NaturalGasProductionMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:NaturalGasProductionMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ElectricityMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ElectricityMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ElectricityGenerationMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789je:RenewableEnergyCertificateMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789je:GreenGasCertificatesMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789je:AncillaryContractsTwoMemberus-gaap:SwapMember2022-03-310001538789je:AncillaryContractsMemberus-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2022-03-310001538789country:US2022-03-310001538789country:CA2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember2022-03-310001538789je:TermLoanAt10.25PercentMember2022-03-310001538789je:SubordinatedNotesAtSevenPointZeroPercentageForFifteenMillionCanadianDollarsMember2022-03-310001538789je:PacificInvestmentManagementCompanyDebtorInPossessionFacilityMember2021-03-090001538789je:CreditFacilityMember2022-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor160MillionCanadianDollarsMember2022-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor100MillionCanadianDollarsMember2022-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor160MillionCanadianDollarsMember2021-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor100MillionCanadianDollarsMember2021-03-310001538789je:SubordinatedNotesAtSevenPointZeroPercentageForFifteenMillionCanadianDollarsMember2020-10-190001538789je:NoteIndentureMember2020-09-280001538789je:NoteIndentureMember2020-09-190001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor160MillionCanadianDollarsMember2020-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor100MillionCanadianDollarsMember2020-03-310001538789je:LoanAt8.75PercentMember2022-03-310001538789je:HomeTrustCompanyMember2022-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleBondsAt6.5PercentMember2022-03-310001538789je:CreditFacilityMemberus-gaap:LondonInterbankOfferedRateLIBORMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789country:USje:CreditFacilityMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789country:CAus-gaap:PrimeRateMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789country:CAje:CreditFacilityMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:LoanAt8.75PercentMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor160MillionCanadianDollarsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleDebenturesAt6.75PercentFor100MillionCanadianDollarsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:ConvertibleBondsAt6.5PercentMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:MassMarketSegmentMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:CommercialSegmentMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:MassMarketSegmentMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:CommercialSegmentMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:MassMarketSegmentMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:OperatingSegmentsMemberje:CommercialSegmentMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:SuretyBondMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:LetterOfCreditMember2022-03-310001538789je:OtherGuaranteesSubjectToCompromiseMember2022-03-3100015387892019-03-310001538789je:GeneracHoldingsInc.Memberje:EcobeeMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareSMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareSMember2019-04-012020-03-3100015387892020-03-310001538789us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancingReceivables1To29DaysPastDueMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancialAssetNotPastDueMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancingReceivables1To29DaysPastDueMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:FinancialAssetNotPastDueMember2021-03-3100015387892022-06-300001538789us-gaap:SwapMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherContractMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:SwapMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherContractMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:SwapMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:OtherContractMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForwardContractsMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:ForeignExchangeForwardMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:EquitySwapMember2019-04-012020-03-310001538789us-gaap:CommonStockMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:LitigationRelatedToAcquisitionOfFilterGroupMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2021-04-012022-03-3100015387892020-09-282020-09-280001538789us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMemberje:PreviousPlansMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:PerformanceSharesMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789je:GeneracHoldingsInc.Memberje:EcobeeMemberus-gaap:EquitySecuritiesMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:OfficeEquipmentMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:ComputerEquipmentMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:NaturalGasProductionMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember2020-10-090001538789us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember2020-10-090001538789je:DeferredShareUnitsMember2020-10-0900015387892020-04-102020-04-100001538789je:WeatherEventMemberus-gaap:PendingLitigationMember2021-09-150001538789us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2022-01-012022-03-310001538789us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2022-03-310001538789us-gaap:TradeNamesMember2021-03-310001538789us-gaap:TechnologyBasedIntangibleAssetsMember2021-03-310001538789je:PacificInvestmentManagementCompanyDebtorInPossessionFacilityMember2021-03-092021-03-0900015387892021-11-162021-11-160001538789srt:MinimumMember2021-04-012022-03-310001538789srt:MaximumMember2021-04-012022-03-3100015387892021-03-310001538789je:JustEnergyIrelandLimitedMember2019-12-182019-12-180001538789us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-04-012022-03-3100015387892022-03-310001538789srt:MinimumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-04-012022-03-310001538789srt:MaximumMemberus-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member2021-04-012022-03-310001538789je:WeatherEventMemberus-gaap:PendingLitigationMemberje:StalkingHorseTransactionMember2022-08-040001538789us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2020-04-012021-03-310001538789us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember2019-04-012020-03-3100015387892019-04-012020-03-3100015387892020-04-012021-03-3100015387892021-09-3000015387892022-08-0500015387892021-04-012022-03-31iso4217:USDutr:MWhiso4217:USDutr:Hiso4217:USDutr:tiso4217:USDutr:MWiso4217:USDutr:MMBTUiso4217:GBPiso4217:EURje:segmentxbrli:sharesiso4217:USDxbrli:pureje:customerje:employeeje:itemiso4217:CADxbrli:sharesiso4217:CADiso4217:USDxbrli:shares

Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For The Transition Period FromTo

Commission file number: 001-35400

Just Energy Group Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Canada

Not Applicable

(State of Other Jurisdiction of incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

100 King Street West, Suite 2630

Toronto, Ontario, M5X 1E1

(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (905) 795-4206

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None.

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

Name Of Each Exchange

Title of Each Class

Trading Symbol(s)

On Which Registered

Common Stock, No Par Value per Share

JENGQ

NONE

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. [Yes No ]

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically; every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer 

Accelerated filer 

Non-accelerated filer 

Smaller reporting company  Emerging growth company 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Section 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. Yes No

Based on the closing price as reported on the OTC Pink Market, the aggregate market value of the registrant's Common Stock held by non-affiliates on September 30, 2021 (the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was approximately $38,462,910.  Shares of Common Stock held by each executive officer and director and by each shareholder affiliated with a director or an executive officer or the registrant have been excluded from this calculation because such persons may be deemed to be affiliates.  This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.  The number of outstanding shares of the registrant's Common Stock as of August 5, 2022 was 48,078,637.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

The registrant historically filed annual reports on Form 40-F under the multi-jurisdiction disclosure system (“MJDS”) adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Canadian national and provincial securities regulators. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021, the registrant no longer qualified for the MJDS and accordingly filed its annual report on Form 20-F as a foreign private issuer.  For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022, this annual report on Form 10-K is being filed because the registrant no longer qualifies as a foreign private issuer under Rule  3b-4(c) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Glossary of key terms

ii

General Information

v

Cautionary Note Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

v

PART I

1

Item 1.

Business

1

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

8

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

18

Item 2.

Properties

19

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

19

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

20

PART II

21

Item 5.

Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

21

Item 6.

Reserved

21

Item 7.

Management's Discussion And Analysis Of Financial Condition And Results Of Operations

21

Item 7A.

Quantitative And Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

52

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data  

55

Item 9.

Changes In And Disagreements With Accountants On Accounting And Financial Disclosure 

56

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

56

Item 9B.

Other Information

57

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

57

PART III

58

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

58

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

61

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

66

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

66

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

67

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statements Schedules 

67

Signatures

i

Table of Contents

GLOSSARY OF KEY TERMS

When the following terms and abbreviations appear in the text of this report, they have the meanings indicated below.

Annual Report

Annual report on Form 10-K

ASC

The Accounting Standards Committee

Base EBITDA

Base Earnings Before Interest, Tax , Depreciation and Amortization adjusted for various items as defined in Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”

Base Gross Margin

The gross margin adjusted for the effect of various items as defined in Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”

Base Gross Margin per RCE

Base Gross Margin realized on Just Energy’s RCE customer base, including gains (losses) from the sale of excess commodity supply excluding the impacts of the Weather Event or Reorganization Costs

BP Claim

Certain pre-filing secured claims in the aggregate principal amounts of approximately $229.5 million and CAD 0.2 million, plus accrued and unpaid interest

CAD

Canadian dollars

Canadian Plan

For Canadian employees, Just Energy offers a long-term wealth accumulation plan for all permanent full-time and permanent part-time employees (working more than 26 hours per week).

CBCA

Canada Business Corporations Act

CCAA

Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act

CDD

Cooling degree day

Chapter 15

Chapter 15 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code

Claims Procedure Order

Order of Ontario Court dated September 15, 2021 establishing the process to identify and determine claims against the Company under the CCAA proceedings

Commodity RCE attrition

Percentage of energy customers whose contracts were terminated prior to the end of the term either at the option of the customer or by Just Energy

Company

Just Energy Group Inc. and/or its consolidated subsidiaries depending on context

Compensation Committee

Compensation Human Resources, Environmental and Health and Safety Committee

Consolidated Financial Statements

Audited Consolidated Balance Sheets for the years ended March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021, the related Consolidated Statements of Operations, Statements of Comprehensive Loss, Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Deficit, for each of the three years ended March 31, 2022, 2021 and 2020, and related notes

COSO

Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission

Court Orders

Orders approved by the Ontario Court under CCAA and the Houston Court under Chapter 15 in the U.S. Bankruptcy Code that provide creditor protection

COVID-19

Coronavirus pandemic

Credit Facility

Just Energy’s credit facility as described in Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, Note 16(c), Long Term Debt and Financing

Customer count

Number of customers with a distinct address rather than RCEs

DIP Facility

$125 million Debtor-in-possession facility entered into March 9, 2021 between PIMCO and the Company

DPSP

Deferred profit sharing plan

DSG

Deferred share grants

DSU

Deferred share units

EBITDA

Earnings Before Interest, Tax , Depreciation and Amortization and is non-U.S. GAAP measure that reflects the operational profitability of the business

ECL

Expected credit losses

ecobee

ecobee Inc.

Embedded Gross Margin

Embedded Gross Margin (“EGM”) represents the gross margin based on management's estimates for the future as defined in Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”

ii

Table of Contents

EPSP

Employee profit sharing plan

Equity Plan

Just Energy Group Inc., 2020 Equity Compensation Plan effective September 28, 2020

ERCOT

Electric Reliability Council of Texas, Inc

ERCOT Lawsuit

Litigation initiated against ERCOT and the PUCT in the Houston Bankruptcy Court on November 12, 2021

ESPP

Employee share purchase plan

FASB

Financial Accounting Standards Board

Failed to renew

Customers who did not renew expiring contracts at the end of their term

Filter Group

Filter Group Inc.

Final Order

Financing order issued by the PUCT in October 2021 authorizing the securitization of these costs by ERCOT under HB 4492

Fiscal 2022 Annual Incentive Plan

The Company's Fiscal 2022 quarterly and annual bonus program

Free Cash Flow

Cash flow from operations less maintenance capital expenditures as defined in Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”

Functional Currency

The currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates

FV hierarchy

Fair value hierarchy

Generac

Generac Holdings Inc.

Grant Date

Grant date for share plan

HB 4492

Texas House Bill 4492 which provides a mechanism for recovery of the costs, incurred by various parties, including the Company, during the Weather Event, through certain securitization structures

HDD

Heating degree days

Houston Court

Bankruptcy Court of the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division

HTC

Home Trust Company

Hudson U.K.

Hudson Energy Supply U.K. Limited

IASB

International Accounting Standards Board

ICFR

Internal Control over Financial Reporting

IFRS

International Financial Reporting Standards

ISO

Independent System Operator

IT

Information technology

Just Energy

Just Energy Group Inc. and/or its consolidated subsidiaries depending on context

Just Energy Entities

Just Energy and certain subsidiaries that filed under the CCAA

Just Energy Japan

Just Energy Japan KK

Just Energy Parties

Just Energy Texas LP, Just Energy Texas I, Corp., Fulcrum Retail Energy LLC, and Hudson Energy Services LLC

KERP

Key employee retention plan

LC Facility

Letter of credit facility described in Part II, Item 8, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data", Note 16(c ), Long Term Debt and Financing

LDC

A local distribution company; the natural gas or electricity distributor for a regulatory or governmentally defined geographic area

Lender Support Agreement

Accommodation and support agreement entered into with Lenders of the Credit Facility

Liquidity

Cash and cash equivalents

Maintenance capital expenditures

Necessary property and equipment and intangible asset capital expenditures required to maintain existing operations at functional levels

MD&A

Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

NEOs

Named Executive Officers

NEX

Board of the TSX Venture Exchange

Non-U.S.GAAP financial measures

All measures defined in Part II, Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Note Indenture

CAD 15.0 million principal amount of 7.0% subordinated notes to holders of the subordinated convertible debentures, which has a six-year maturity

NYMEX

New York Mercantile Exchange

OCI

Other Comprehensive Income

iii

Table of Contents

Ontario Court

Ontario Superior Court of Justice (Commercial List)

PBG

Performance bonus incentive grants

PIMCO

Pacific Investment Management Company

PSU

Performance share units

PUCT

Public Utility Commission of Texas

RCE

Residential customer equivalent, which is a unit of measurement equivalent to a customer using 2,815 m3 (or 106 GJs or 1,000 Therms or 1,025 CCFs) of natural gas on an annual basis or 10 MWh (or 10,000 kWh) of electricity on an annual basis

REC

Renewable energy certificates

Reorganization Costs

The amounts incurred related to the filings under the CCAA Proceedings. These costs include professional and advisory costs, key employee retention plan, contract terminations, prepetition claims, and other costs

REPs

Retail energy providers

ROU

Right of use

RSG

Restricted share grants

RSU

Restricted share units

SEC

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

Selling commission

Expenses customer acquisition costs amortized under ASC 606, “Revenue from contracts with customers”, or directly expensed within the current period and consist of commissions paid to independent sales contractors, brokers and sales agents and is reflected on the Consolidated Statements of Operations as part of selling and marketing expenses

Selling non-commission and marketing expenses

The cost of selling overhead, including digital marketing cost not directly associated with the costs of direct customer acquisition costs within the current period and is reflected on the Consolidated Statements of Operations as part of selling and marketing expenses

September 2020 Recapitalization

The recapitalization transaction that the Company completed on September 28, 2020

SISP

Proposed Sale and Investment Solicitation Process announced on August 4, 2022, as described in Part I, Item I, Business Overview.

SISP Support Agreement

An agreement between the Just Energy Entities, the Stalking Horse Purchaser and certain other parties under which the parties agree to support the Stalking Horse Transaction and the SISP process

Stalking Horse Purchaser

Collectively, the lenders under the Company’s debtor-in-possession financing facility, one of their affiliates and the holder of the BP Claim.

Stalking Horse Transaction

The transaction contemplated by the stalking horse transaction agreement under which the Stalking Horse Purchaser will become the sole owner of the Just Energy Entities, with the key terms described in Part I, Item I, Business Overview.

Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement

The agreement between the Stalking Horse Purchaser and the Just Energy Entities under which the Stalking Horse Purchaser will become the sole owner of the Just Energy Entities with the key terms described in Part I, Item I, Business Overview

Strategic Review

The Company’s formal review announced on June 6, 2019 to evaluate strategic alternatives available to the Company. The Company finalized the Strategic Review with the completed September 2020 Recapitalization

Term Loan

The $206 million senior unsecured 10.25% term loan facility entered into on September 28, 2020 pursuant to the September 2020 Recapitalization, which has a maturity date of March 31, 2024

TDSP

Transmission and Distribution Service Provider

Unlevered Free Cash Flow

Free cash flow plus interest expense excluding the non-cash portion as defined in Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”

U.S.

United States of America

USD

U.S. dollars

U.S. GAAP

U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

iv

Table of Contents

U.S. Plan

401(k) plan for all permanent full-time and part-time employees of Just Energy in the U.S (working more than 30 hours per week)

Vesting Date

The date certain equity grants vested with grantee in accordance with the applicable plan

Weather Event

The extreme weather event in Texas in February 2021

Weather Event Costs

(i) ancillary service charges above $9,000/MWh during the Weather Event; (ii) reliability deployment price adders charged by ERCOT during the Weather Event; and (iii) amounts owed to ERCOT due to defaults of competitive market participants, which were subsequently “short-paid” to market participants, including Just Energy

Weather Event Cost Recovery

Reimbursement of Weather Event costs in the amount of approximately $147.5 million received in June 2022

GENERAL INFORMATION

Unless otherwise indicated, all references in this Annual Report to “Just Energy,” “we,” “our,” “us,” the “Company” or similar terms refer to Just Energy Group Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. We publish our consolidated financial statements in U.S dollars. In this Annual Report, unless otherwise specified, all monetary amounts are in U.S dollars, all references to “$,” “US$,” “USD,” and “dollars” mean U.S. dollars and all references to “C$” and “CAD” mean Canadian dollars.

This Annual Report contains our Consolidated Financial Statements. Our Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The ASC, established by the FASB, is the source of authoritative U.S. GAAP to be applied by nongovernmental entities. In addition, the rules and interpretative releases of the SEC under authority of federal securities laws are also sources of authoritative U.S. GAAP for SEC registrants.

CAUTIONARY NOTE CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Annual Report may contain forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements with respect to the CCAA proceedings. These statements are based on current expectations that involve several risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ from those anticipated, which risks are described in Part 1A. “Risk Factors” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. These risks include, but are not limited to, risks with respect to: the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern; the outcome of proceedings under the CCAA and similar proceedings in the United States, including the SISP; the outcome of any potential litigation with respect to the Weather Event, the outcome of any invoice dispute with ERCOT; the Company’s discussions with key stakeholders regarding the CCAA proceedings; the impact of the evolving COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business, operations and sales; uncertainties relating to the ultimate spread, severity and duration of COVID-19 and related adverse effects on the economies and financial markets of countries in which the Company operates; the ability of the Company to successfully implement its business continuity plans with respect to the COVID-19 pandemic; the Company’s ability to access sufficient capital to provide liquidity to manage its cash flow requirements; general economic, business and market conditions; the ability of management to execute its business plan; levels of customer natural gas and electricity consumption; extreme weather conditions; rates of customer additions and renewals; customer credit risk; rates of customer attrition; fluctuations in natural gas and electricity prices; interest and exchange rates; actions taken by governmental authorities including energy marketing regulation; increases in taxes and changes in government regulations and incentive programs; changes in regulatory regimes; results of litigation and decisions by regulatory authorities; competition; and dependence on certain suppliers. Additional information on these and other factors that could affect Just Energy’s operations or financial results are included in Just Energy’s annual report on Form 10-K information form and other reports on file with the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov or Canadian securities regulatory authorities which can be accessed through the SEDAR website at www.sedar.com or through Just Energy’s website at investors.justenergy.com.

v

Table of Contents

PART I

ITEM 1.BUSINESS OVERVIEW

Company Overview

Just Energy is a retail energy provider specializing in electricity and natural gas commodities and bringing energy efficient solutions and renewable energy options to customers. Currently operating in the United States and Canada, Just Energy serves retail and commercial customers through its two business segments - Mass Market and Commercial. Just Energy is the parent company of Amigo Energy, Filter Group, Hudson Energy, Interactive Energy Group, Tara Energy and Terrapass.

COMPANIES’ CREDITIORS ARRANGEMENT AND CHAPTER 15 PROCEEDINGS

In February 2021, the State of Texas experienced the Weather Event. The Weather Event led to increased electricity demand and sustained high prices from February 13, 2021 through February 20, 2021. As a result of the losses sustained and without sufficient liquidity to pay the corresponding invoices from the ERCOT when due, and accordingly, on March 9, 2021, Just Energy applied for and received Court Orders under the CCAA from the Ontario Court and under Chapter 15 in the U.S. from the Houston Court. Protection under the Court Orders allows Just Energy to operate while it restructures its capital structure.

As part of the CCAA filing, the Company entered into a $125.0 million DIP Facility financing with certain affiliates of PIMCO (refer to Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, Note 16(a) and Note 26). The Company also entered into qualifying support agreements with its largest commodity supplier and ISO services provider. The filings and associated DIP Facility arranged by the Company, enabled Just Energy to continue all operations without interruption throughout the U.S. and Canada and to continue making payments required by ERCOT and satisfy other regulatory obligations.

On September 15, 2021, the Ontario Court approved the Company’s request to establish a claims process to identify and determine claims against the Company and its subsidiaries that are subject to the ongoing Claims Procedure Order. As part of the CCAA proceedings and in accordance with the Claims Procedure Order, Just Energy continues to review and determine which claims will be allowed, modified or disallowed, which may result in additional liabilities subject to compromise that are not currently reflected in the Consolidated Financial Statements (refer to Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, Note 25(d) Commitments and Contingencies).

Plan Support Agreement

As previously disclosed, in connection with the CCAA filing, on May 12, 2022, the Company, the Stalking Horse Purchaser and certain other parties thereto, entered into a plan support agreement (the “Plan Support Agreement”). Upon the execution of the SISP Support Agreement (defined below), the Plan Support Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereunder were automatically terminated pursuant to its terms.

The Plan Support Agreement contemplated the implementation of a recapitalization and financial restructuring of the Just Energy Entities through: (i) a reorganization of the Just Energy Entities, (ii) a rights offering for the issuance of approximately $192.5 million of new common equity which would be backstopped by the Stalking Horse Purchaser pursuant to the Backstop Commitment Letter, (iii) the issuance of new preferred equity, which would be owned entirely by the Stalking Horse Purchaser, and new common equity, (iv) the cancellation for no consideration of all outstanding shares of the Company and (v) the entry into the new credit agreement and the new intercreditor agreement.

The Plan Support Agreement contained certain covenants on the part of the parties thereto, as well as certain conditions to the obligations of such parties and for termination upon the occurrence of certain events, including, without limitation, the failure to achieve certain milestones and certain breaches by the parties under the Plan Support Agreement.

Backstop Commitment Letter

1

Table of Contents

Also, as previously disclosed, in connection with the Plan Support Agreement, on May 12, 2022, the Stalking Horse Purchaser entered into a Backstop Commitment Letter (the “Backstop Commitment Letter”) with Just Energy (U.S.) Corp., pursuant to which the Stalking Horse Purchaser (the “Backstop Parties”) agreed to backstop the approximately $192.5 million rights offering contemplated by the Plan Support Agreement. Upon the execution of the SISP Support Agreement (defined below), the Backstop Commitment Letter and the transactions contemplated thereunder were automatically terminated pursuant to its terms.

Under the Backstop Commitment Letter, the Backstop Parties agreed, subject to the terms and conditions of the Backstop Commitment Letter, to (i) purchase new common equity of the new parent company of the Just Energy Entities, (ii) subscribe for and receive its pro rata share of any unsubscribed new common equity in the rights offering and (iii) subscribe for and receive its pro rata share of new common equity in the rights offering upon the failure by another participant to fulfill its subscription obligations by the participation deadline. The issuance of the new common equity under the rights offering will represent in the aggregate 80% of the new common equity of the new parent company of the Just Energy Entities.

Under the Backstop Commitment Letter, Just Energy (U.S.) Corp. agreed to issue and deliver 10% of the outstanding new common shares on the effective date, which would have constituted backstop commitment fee shares. In addition, Just Energy (U.S.) Corp. agreed to pay a termination fee of $15 million to the Backstop Parties if the Plan Support Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances. Pursuant to the Backstop Commitment Letter, the term loan lenders of the Just Energy Entities were entitled to participate in the rights offering as backstop parties for their pro rata shares of new common equity. The Backstop Parties’ commitments to backstop the rights offering and the other transactions contemplated by the Backstop Commitment Letter were conditioned upon the satisfaction of all applicable conditions set forth in the Backstop Commitment Letter.

PROPOSED SALE AND INVESTMENT SOLICITATION PROCESS AND STALKING HORSE TRANSACTION

On August 4, 2022, the Company entered into a stalking horse transaction agreement (the “Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement”) with the Stalking Horse Purchaser and a support agreement (the “SISP Support Agreement”) in connection with the SISP that is intended to facilitate its exit from the Company’s ongoing insolvency proceedings as a going concern.

Under the SISP, interested parties are invited to participate in accordance with the approved SISP procedures. If one or more qualified bids (other than the transaction contemplated by the Stalking Horse Transaction) are received by September 29, 2022, then Just Energy intends to proceed with an auction to determine the successful bid(s), subject to the terms of the approved SISP procedures. If the Stalking Horse Purchaser is determined to be the successful bidder at the conclusion of the SISP and is subsequently approved by the Court, the Stalking Horse Purchaser will become the sole shareholder of Just Energy (U.S.) Corp., which will be the new parent company of all of the Just Energy Entities, including the Company, and the Just Energy Entities will continue their business and operations as a going concern.

The SISP Support Agreement further contemplates the entry into the Stalking Horse Transaction pursuant to the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement, under which, among other things, (A) the Stalking Horse Purchaser agreed to act as a “stalking horse” bidder with respect to the SISP, (B) the existing common shares and all other equity interests of the Company would be cancelled or redeemed for no consideration, (C) the issuance of new common equity and new preferred equity of the new parent company of the Just Energy Entities, which will be owned entirely by certain affiliates of the Stalking Horse Purchaser, and (v) the entry into a new credit agreement and a new intercreditor agreement on the terms set forth in the term sheets appended to the SISP Support Agreement.

The SISP Support Agreement contains certain covenants on the part of the parties thereto, as well as certain termination rights upon the occurrence of certain events, including, without limitation, (i) the failure to achieve certain milestones and certain breaches by the parties under the SISP Support Agreement and (ii) the Stalking Horse Purchaser not being the successful bidder under the SISP procedures. Additionally, upon the execution of the SISP Support Agreement, each of the Plan Support Agreement, the Backstop Commitment Letter and the transactions contemplated thereunder were automatically terminated.

2

Table of Contents

Key terms of the Stalking Horse Transaction include:

The Stalking Horse Purchaser will become the sole shareholder of Just Energy (U.S.) Corp., which will be the new parent company of all of the Just Energy Entities, including the Company, and the Just Energy Entities will continue their business and operations as a going concern.
The purchase price payable pursuant to the Stalking Horse Transaction is (i) $184.9 million in cash; plus (ii) a credit bid of approximately $230 million plus accrued interest of secured claims assigned to the Stalking Horse Purchaser; plus (iii) the assumption of Assumed Liabilities (as defined below), including up to CAD$10 million owing under the Company’s first lien credit facility (the “Credit Facility Remaining Debt”) to remain outstanding under an amended and restated credit agreement.
Post-filing claims, the Credit Facility Remaining Debt, claims by energy regulators, and certain other liabilities enumerated in the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement (“Assumed Liabilities”) will continue to be liabilities of the Just Energy Entities following consummation of the Stalking Horse Transaction. Excluded liabilities and assets of the Just Energy Entities will be discharged from the Just Energy Entities pursuant to an Approval and Vesting Order to be sought subject to the Stalking Horse Transaction being the successful bid in the SISP.
No amounts will be available for distribution to the Just Energy Entities’ general unsecured creditors, including the Term Loan lenders.

All currently outstanding shares, options and other equity of Just Energy will be cancelled or redeemed for no consideration and without any vote of the existing shareholders.

A break-up fee of $14.7 million to be paid to the Stalking Horse Purchaser upon the consummation of an Alternative Restructuring Proposal (as defined in the Transaction Agreement) in the event of termination of the Transaction Agreement in certain specified circumstances.

The parties’ obligations under the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement are conditioned upon the satisfaction or waiver of all applicable conditions set forth in the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement, including, among others, the entry by the Court of the SISP Order and the Vesting Order, the completion of the Implementation Steps by the Just Energy Entities, the receipt of all required Transaction Regulatory Approvals (as defined in the Transaction Agreement) and that upon the consummation of the Transaction, no Just Energy Entity will be a reporting issuer (or equivalent) under any United States or Canadian securities laws.

The foregoing description of the SISP Support Agreement and the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement are not, and do not purport to be, complete and is qualified by reference to the full text of the SISP Support Agreement and the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement, respectively, copies of which are filed herewith as Exhibit 10.9 and 10.10 and are incorporated herein by reference.

On June 7, 2022, the Ontario Court extended the stay until August 19, 2022. The stay extension allows the Company to continue to operate in the ordinary course of business while pursuing its proposed restructuring plan.

On May 19, 2022, the common shares of the Company were transferred from the TSX Venture Exchange to the NEX and are trading under the symbol “JE.H.”.  The Company’s common shares continue to trade on the OTC Pink Market under the symbol “JENGQ”.

WEATHER EVENT RELATED UPLIFT SECURITIZATION PROCEEDS

On June 16, 2021, HB 4492 became law in Texas. HB 4492 provides a mechanism for recovery of certain Weather Event Costs, incurred by various parties, including the Company, during the Weather Event, through certain securitization structures.

3

Table of Contents

On October 13, 2021, the PUCT approved the Final Order authorizing the securitization of certain Weather Event Costs by ERCOT. On December 7, 2021, ERCOT filed its calculation with the PUCT in accordance with the PUCT final order implementing HB 4492. The Company received $147.5 million in June 2022.

JUST ENERGY’S BUSINESS OPERATIONS

Just Energy has two reportable segments: (1) Mass Market and (2) Commercial. The chief operating decision maker monitors the operational results of the Mass Market and Commercial segments for the purpose of making decisions about resource allocation and performance assessment. Segment performance is evaluated based on certain non-U.S. GAAP measures such as Base EBITDA, Base Gross Margin and Embedded Gross Margin.

The Company’s operating subsidiaries currently carry on business in the United States in the states of Texas, Illinois, New York, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, New Jersey, California, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and Delaware and in Canada in the provinces of Ontario, Alberta, Manitoba, Québec, British Columbia and Saskatchewan.

As of March 31, 2022, Just Energy had aggregated approximately 2,755,000 RCEs with approximately 44% from its Mass Market Segment and 56% from its Commercial Segment.

4

Table of Contents

The Company’s revenues based on the operating segments for the last three fiscal years is as follows:

    

For the Year

    

For the Year 

    

For the Year 

 Ended

Ended

Ended 

March 31, 2022

March 31, 2021

March 31, 2020

Mass Market

$

1,190,326

$

1,161,905

$

1,320,111

Commercial

 

964,282

 

912,923

 

1,051,591

Total

$

2,154,608

$

2,074,828

$

2,371,702

The Company’s revenues based on the location of the customer for the last three fiscal years is as follows:

    

For the Year 

    

For the Year 

    

For the Year 

Ended 

Ended  

Ended

March 31, 2022

March 31, 2021

March 31, 2020

Canada

$

477,837

$

372,736

$

402,830

U.S.

 

1,676,771

 

1,702,091

 

1,968,872

Total

$

2,154,608

$

2,074,828

$

2,371,701

Discontinued Operations

In March 2019, Just Energy formally approved and commenced the process to dispose of its businesses in Germany, Ireland and Japan. In June 2019, the U.K. was added to the disposal group. The decision was part of a strategic transition to focus on the core business in North America. In November 2019, Just Energy closed the sale of Hudson U.K. to Shell Energy Retail Limited and completed the sale of its business in Ireland in February 2020. In April 2020, the Company sold all of the shares of Just Energy Japan to Astmax Trading, Inc. These operations were reclassified and reflected as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statements of Operations in the Consolidated Financial Statements (Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, Note 24 Discontinued Operations).

Continuing operations overview

MASS MARKETS SEGMENT

The Mass Markets segment includes customers acquired and served under the Just Energy, Tara Energy, Amigo Energy and Terrapass brands. Marketing of the energy products of this segment is primarily done through the digital and retail sales channels. Mass Market customers make up 73% of Just Energy’s Base Gross Margin, which is currently focused on price–protected and flat–bill product offerings, as well as JustGreen products. To the extent that certain markets are better served by shorter–term or enhanced variable rate products, the Mass Markets segment’s sales channels offer these products.

Just Energy also provides home water filtration systems with its line of consumer product and service offerings through Filter Group.

COMMERCIAL SEGMENT

The Commercial segment includes customers acquired and served under Hudson Energy, as well as brokerage services managed by Interactive Energy Group. Hudson Energy sales are made through three main channels: brokers, in-person commercial independent contractors and inside commercial sales representatives. Commercial customers make up 27% of Just Energy’s Base Gross Margin. Products offered to Commercial customers range from standard fixed–price offerings to “one off” offerings, tailored to meet the customer’s specific needs. These products can be fixed or floating rate or a blend of the two, and normally have a term of less than five years. Base Gross Margin per RCE for this segment is lower than it is for the Mass Markets segment, but customer acquisition costs and ongoing customer care costs per RCE are lower as well. Commercial customers also have significantly lower attrition rates than Mass Markets customers.

ABOUT JUST ENERGY’S PRODUCTS

Just Energy offers products and services to address customers’ essential needs, including electricity and natural gas commodities, energy efficient solutions, carbon offsets and renewable energy options as well as water quality and filtration devices.

5

Table of Contents

Electricity

Just Energy services various states and territories in the U.S. and Canada with electricity. A variety of electricity solutions are offered, including fixed–price, flat–bill and variable–price products on both short–term and longer–term contracts. Most of these products provide customers with price–protection programs for the majority of their electricity requirements. Just Energy uses historical usage data for enrolled customers to predict future customer consumption and to help with long–term supply procurement decisions. Flat–bill products offer customers the ability to pay a fixed amount per period regardless of usage.

Just Energy purchases electricity supply from market counterparties for Mass Markets and Commercial customers based on forecasted customer aggregation. Electricity supply is generally purchased concurrently with the execution of a contract for larger Commercial customers. Historical customer usage is obtained from LDCs, which, when normalized to average weather, provides Just Energy with expected normal customer consumption. Just Energy mitigates exposure to weather variations through active management of the electricity portfolio and the purchase of options, including weather derivatives. Just Energy’s ability to successfully mitigate weather effects is limited by the degree to which weather conditions deviate from normal and the availability and costs of such options. To the extent that balancing electricity requirements are outside the forecasted purchase, Just Energy bears the financial responsibility for excess or short supply caused by fluctuations in customer usage. Any supply balancing not fully covered through customer pass–throughs, active management or the options employed may increase or decrease Just Energy’s Base Gross Margin depending upon market conditions at the time of balancing.

Natural gas

Just Energy offers natural gas customers a variety of products ranging from five–year fixed–price contracts to month–to–month variable–price contracts. Gas supply is purchased from market counterparties based on forecasted consumption. For larger Commercial customers, gas supply is generally purchased concurrently with the execution of a contract. Variable rate products allow customers to maintain flexibility while retaining the ability to lock into a fixed price at their discretion. Flat–bill products offer customers the ability to pay a fixed amount per period regardless of usage or changes in the price of the commodity.

The LDCs provide historical customer usage which, when normalized to average weather, enables Just Energy to purchase the expected normal customer consumption. Just Energy mitigates exposure to weather variations through active management of the gas portfolio, which involves, but is not limited to, the purchase of options, including weather derivatives. Just Energy’s ability to successfully mitigate weather effects is limited by the degree to which weather conditions deviate from normal and the availability and costs of such options. To the extent that balancing requirements are outside the forecasted purchase, Just Energy bears the financial responsibility for fluctuations in customer usage. To the extent that supply balancing is not fully covered through active management or the options employed, Just Energy’s Base Gross Margin may increase or decrease depending upon market conditions at the time of balancing.

JustGreen

Many customers have the ability to choose an appropriate JustGreen program to supplement their electricity and natural gas, providing an effective method to offset their carbon footprint associated with the respective commodity consumption.

JustGreen’s electricity products offer customers the option of having all or a portion of the volume of their electricity usage sourced from renewable green sources such as wind, solar, hydropower or biomass, via power purchase agreements and renewable energy certificates. JustGreen programs for gas customers involve the purchase of carbon offsets from carbon capture and reduction projects. Additional green products allow customers to offset their carbon footprint without buying energy commodity products and can be offered in all states and provinces without being dependent on energy deregulation.

Just Energy currently sells JustGreen electricity and gas in eligible markets across North America. Of all customers who contracted with Just Energy in the past year, 40% purchased JustGreen for some or all of their energy needs. On average, these customers elected to purchase 93% of their consumption as green supply. For comparison, as reported for the trailing 12 months ended March 31, 2021, 37% of mass market customers who contracted with Just Energy chose to include JustGreen for an average of 98% of their consumption. As at March 31, 2022, JustGreen makes up 24% of the Mass Market

6

Table of Contents

electricity portfolio, compared to 25% in the year ago period. JustGreen makes up 24% of the Mass Market gas portfolio, compared to 17% in the year ago period.

Terrapass

Through Terrapass, customers can offset their environmental impact by purchasing high quality environmental products. Terrapass supports projects throughout North America and world–wide that destroy greenhouse gases, produce renewable energy and restore freshwater ecosystems. Each project is made possible through the purchase of carbon offsets, renewable energy credits and BEF Water Restoration Certificates®. Terrapass offers various purchase options for Mass Markets or Commercial customers, enabling businesses to incorporate seamless carbon offset options by providing marketing and product integration solutions.

Seasonality

The sale of electricity to retail customers is a seasonal business with the demand for electricity generally peaking during the summer months. Conversely, the sale of natural gas to retail customers is also a seasonal business with demand for natural gas generally peaking during the winter months. As a result, net working capital requirements for the Company's retail operations generally increase during summer and winter months along with the higher revenues, and then decline during off-peak months. Weather may impact operating results and extreme weather conditions could have a material impact. The rates charged to retail customers may be impacted by fluctuations in total power and natural gas prices and market dynamics, transmission constraints, competitor actions, and changes in market heat rates.

Employee Overview

As of March 31, 2022, Just Energy had 1,177 employees in the U.S., Canada and India, including a total of 1,125 full time employees.

Governmental Regulation

Just Energy’s business is subject to extensive Canadian and U.S. federal, state and local laws and foreign and provincial laws. Retail energy competition is regulated on a state-by-state or at the province-by-province level and is highly dependent on state and provincial laws, regulations and policies, which could change at any moment. Failure to comply with such requirements could result in the loss of license, exit from the market, shutdown, the imposition of liens, fines, and/or civil or criminal liability.

The regulatory environment has undergone significant changes in the last several years due to state, provincial and federal policies affecting wholesale and retail competition and the creation of incentives for the addition of large amounts of new renewable generation. For example, changes to, or development of, legislation that requires the use of clean renewable and alternate fuel sources or mandate the implementation of energy conservation programs that require the implementation of new technologies, could increase the Company’s cost to serve and/or impact the Company’s financial condition. Additionally, in some retail energy markets, state legislators, government agencies and other interested parties have made proposals to change the use of market-based pricing, re-regulate areas of these markets that have previously been competitive, or permit electricity delivery companies to construct or acquire generating facilities. Other proposals to re-regulate the retail energy industry may be made, and legislative or other actions affecting electricity and natural gas deregulation or restructuring process may be delayed, discontinued or reversed in states in which we currently operate or may in the future operate.

Health and Safety

Employee health and safety in the workplace is one of our top priorities. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, we have been working to keep our employees safe and healthy from this outbreak. Using guidance from the Center for Disease Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, the World Health Organization, and the various states, provinces and counties in which we operate, we have taken a number of measures to keep employees safe. Employees are provided paid sick leave or paid time off to cover sickness and absences. We will continue to make our employees a priority.

7

Table of Contents

Sale of Ecobee Investments

On December 1, 2021, Generac completed the acquisition of all issued and outstanding shares of ecobee, including all of the ecobee shares held by the Company. The Company held approximately 8% of the ecobee shares. The Company received $12.3 million cash and 80,281 shares of Generac common stock. The Company subsequently sold all of the Generac shares for a sum of $28.4 million during December 2021, resulting in total consideration of approximately $40.7 million. This sale has resulted in a gain on investment of $15.0 million recorded in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the year ended March 31, 2022. The Company could receive up to an additional $8.0 million in Generac stock during 2022 and 2023, provided that certain performance targets are achieved by ecobee.

ITEM 1A.RISK FACTORS

The following risk factors apply to our business and operations. These risk factors are not exhaustive and investors are encouraged to perform their own investigation with respect to the business, financial condition and prospects of our business. You should carefully consider the following risk factors in addition to the other information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including matters addressed in the section entitled “Cautionary Note Concerning Forward-Looking Statements.” We may face additional risks and uncertainties that are not presently known to us, or that we currently deem immaterial, which may also impair our business or financial condition. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Part II, Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and our Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”  included herein.

Risks Related to the Company’s Business

The outcome of the proposed SISP and potential Stalking Horse Transaction is uncertain, and the announcement and pendency of a transaction could materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

On August 4, 2022, the Company entered into the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement with the Stalking Horse Purchaser and the SISP Support Agreement in connection with the SISP that is intended to facilitate its exit from the Company’s ongoing insolvency proceedings as a going concern. There can be no assurance that the SISP will be approved or consummated. The SISP process could cause disruptions in our business and divert our management’s attention and other resources from day-to-day operations, which could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, current and prospective employees and members of management could become uncertain about their future roles with us during the SISP. This uncertainty could adversely affect our ability to retain and hire employees and members of management. In addition, the proposed SISP could have an adverse effect on our relationships with customers and third-party service providers.

If completed, the Stalking Horse Transaction will result in Just Energy becoming a privately-held company and all our existing common shares will be cancelled or redeemed for no consideration Additionally, the ongoing business of our company could be adversely affected and, without realizing the benefits of having completed the Stalking Horse Transaction, our company will be subject to a number of risks, including payment of certain ongoing Reorganization Costs.

The potential Stalking Horse Transaction provides that existing common shareholders shares will be cancelled or redeemed and shall not receive a distribution or other consideration.

The potential Stalking Horse Transaction provides that existing common shareholders shares will be cancelled or redeemed and shall not receive a distribution or other consideration.  In addition, if there is a winning bidder other than the Stalking Horse Purchaser under the SISP, any incremental value must first provide recovery to substantial general unsecured

8

Table of Contents

creditors and therefore, no assurance can be made that such bidder will provide a recovery for existing common shareholders.

The Company’s business is subject to substantial energy regulation and may be adversely affected by legislative or regulatory changes, as well as liability under, or any future inability to comply with, existing or future energy regulations or requirements.

Just Energy’s business is subject to extensive Canadian and U.S. federal, state and local laws and foreign and provincial laws. Compliance with, or changes to, the requirements under these legal and regulatory regimes may cause the Company to incur significant additional costs, reduce the Company’s ability to hedge exposure or to sell retail power or natural gas within certain states and provinces or to certain classes of retail customers, or restrict the Company’s marketing practices, its ability to pass through costs to retail customers, or its ability to compete on favorable terms with competitors, including the incumbent utility. Retail energy competition is regulated on a state-by-state or at the province-by-province level and is highly dependent on state and provincial laws, regulations and policies, which could change at any moment. Failure to comply with such requirements could result in the loss of license, exit from the market, shutdown, the imposition of liens, fines, and/or civil or criminal liability.

The regulatory environment has undergone significant changes in the last several years due to state, provincial and federal policies affecting wholesale and retail competition and the creation of incentives for the addition of large amounts of new renewable generation. For example, changes to, or development of, legislation that requires the use of clean renewable and alternate fuel sources or mandate the implementation of energy conservation programs that require the implementation of new technologies, could increase the Company’s cost to serve and/or impact the Company’s financial condition. Additionally, in some retail energy markets, state legislators, government agencies and other interested parties have made proposals to change the use of market-based pricing, re-regulate areas of these markets that have previously been competitive, or permit electricity delivery companies to construct or acquire generating facilities. Other proposals to re-regulate the retail energy industry may be made, and legislative or other actions affecting electricity and natural gas deregulation or restructuring process may be delayed, discontinued or reversed in states in which we currently operate or may in the future operate. If such changes were to be enacted by a regulatory body, we may lose customers, incur higher costs and/or find it more difficult to acquire new customers. These changes are ongoing, and we cannot predict the future design of the retail markets or the ultimate effect that the changing regulatory environment will have on our business.

The Company’s retail operations are subject to significant competition from other REPs, LDCs and changes in customer behavior or preferences, which could result in a loss of existing customers and the inability to attract new customers.

Just Energy may experience an increase in attrition rates and lower acceptance rates on renewal requests due to commodity price volatility, increased competition or change in customer behavior. There can be no assurance that the historical rates of annual attrition will not increase substantially in the future or that Just Energy will be able to renew its existing energy contracts at the expiry of their terms. Any such increase in attrition or failure to renew could have a material adverse effect on Just Energy’s business, financial condition, operating results, cash flow, liquidity and prospects.

A number of companies and incumbent utility subsidiaries compete with Just Energy in the residential, commercial and small industrial market. It is possible that new entrants may enter the market as marketers and compete directly for the customer base that Just Energy targets, slowing or reducing Just Energy’s market share. If the LDCs are permitted by changes in the current regulatory framework to sell natural gas or electricity at prices other than at cost, their existing customer bases could provide them with a significant competitive advantage. This could limit the number of customers available for REPs, including Just Energy, and impact Just Energy’s growth and retention.

Just Energy’s residential customers are generally acquired through the use of digital marketing, retail stores, inbound telemarketing and door-to-door sales. Commercial customers are primarily solicited through commercial brokers and independent sales agents. Just Energy’s ability to increase revenues in the future will depend significantly on the success of these marketing techniques, as well as its ability to expand into new sales channels to acquire customers. There is no assurance that competitive conditions will allow this sales channel strategy to continue or whether new sales channels will be successful in signing up new customers. In addition, a number of Just Energy’s sales channels were closed or otherwise

9

Table of Contents

limited in operations as a result of government initiatives mandated due to COVID-19. Further, if Just Energy’s services are not attractive to, or do not generate sufficient revenue for commercial brokers, retail stores and sales partners, or if Just Energy’s sales channels are adversely impacted by COVID-19 or the CCAA proceedings, Just Energy may lose these existing relationships, which could have a material adverse effect on the business, operating results and financial condition of Just Energy.

Just Energy’s profitability and growth depends upon its customers’ broad acceptance of REPs and their products. There is no assurance that customers will widely accept Just Energy or its retail energy and value-added products. The acceptance of Just Energy’s products may be adversely affected by Just Energy’s ability to offer a competitive value proposition, and customer concerns relating to product reliability and general resistance to change. Unfavorable publicity involving customer experiences with other REPs could also adversely affect Just Energy’s acceptance. Lastly, market acceptance could be affected by regulatory and legal developments. Failure to achieve deep market penetration may have material adverse effects on Just Energy’s business, financial condition and operating results.

The operation of the Company’s businesses is subject to cyber-based security and integrity risk. Attacks on the Company’s infrastructure that breach cyber/data security measures could expose the Company to significant liabilities, reputational damage, regulatory action, and disrupt business operations, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, operations, financial condition and operating results.

Just Energy’s business requires retaining important customer information that is considered private. Although Just Energy protects this information with restricted access and enters into cyber risk insurance policies, there could be a material adverse impact to the Company’s reputation and customer relations should such private information be compromised due to a cyber-attack on Just Energy’s information technology systems.

Just Energy’s vendors, suppliers and market operators rely on information technology systems to deliver services to Just Energy. These systems may be prone to cyber-attacks, which could result in market disruption and impact Just Energy’s business, financial condition and operating results.

Just Energy is also subject to federal, state, provincial and foreign laws regarding privacy and protection of data. Changes to such data protection laws may impose more stringent requirements for compliance and impose significant penalties for non-compliance. For example, on January 1, 2020, the California Consumer Privacy Act broadly expanded the rights of California consumers and requires companies that are subject to such legislation to be significantly more transparent about how they collect, use and disclose personal information. Any failure by Just Energy to comply with federal, state, provincial and foreign laws regarding privacy and protection of data could lead to significant fines and penalties imposed by regulators, as well as claims by customers. There can be no assurance that the limitations of liability in Just Energy’s contracts would be enforceable or adequate or would otherwise protect Just Energy from any such liabilities or damages with respect to any particular claim. The successful assertion of one or more large claims against Just Energy that exceeds its available insurance coverage could have a material adverse effect on Just Energy’s business, operating results, and financial condition.

The operation of Just Energy’s businesses relies on information technology systems and third party service providers. Failure of information technology systems or by third-party service providers could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s business, operations, financial condition and cash flows.

Just Energy relies on information technology systems to store critical information, generate financial forecasts, report financial results and make applicable securities law filings. Just Energy also relies on information technology systems to make payments to suppliers, pay commissions to brokers and independent contractors, enroll new customers, send monthly bills to customers and collect payments from customers. The partial or total failure of any these systems could have a material adverse effect on Just Energy’s business, operating results and or cause Just Energy to fail to meet its reporting obligations.

Just Energy has outsourcing arrangements to support its call center’s requirements for business continuity plans and independence for regulatory purposes, billing and settlement arrangements for certain jurisdictions. Contract data input is also outsourced as is some corporate business continuity, information technology development and disaster recovery

10

Table of Contents

functions. Should the outsourced counterparties not deliver their contracted services, Just Energy may experience service and operational gaps that could have a material adverse effect on Just Energy’s business, operating results and financial condition.

In certain jurisdictions in which Just Energy operates, the LDCs currently perform billing and collection services. If the LDCs cease to perform these services, Just Energy would have to seek a third party billing provider or develop internal systems to perform these functions. This could be time consuming and expensive, which could have a material adverse effect on Just Energy’s business, operating results and financial condition.

The Company’s retail operations rely on the infrastructure of local utilities or independent transmission system operators to provide electricity to, and to obtain information about, the Company’s customers. Any infrastructure failure could negatively impact the company’s revenue and customer satisfaction and could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business and operations.

Customers are reliant upon the LDCs to deliver their contracted commodity. LDCs are reliant upon the continuing availability of their distribution infrastructure. Any disruptions in this infrastructure as a result of a hurricane or other weather event, act of terrorism, work stoppage due to the COVID-19 pandemic, cyber-attack or otherwise could result in counterparties’ default and, thereafter, Just Energy enacting the force majeure clauses of its contracts. Under such severe circumstances there could be no revenue or margin for the affected areas.

Additionally, any disruptions to Just Energy’s operations may also have a material adverse effect on Just Energy’s business, operating results and financial condition.

Although Just Energy has insurance policies that cover business interruption and natural calamities, in certain cases, the insurance coverage may not be sufficient to cover the potential loss in whole or in part. In particular, the extent to which COVID-19 impacts the Company’s business and operations, will depend on future developments, which are highly uncertain and cannot be predicted at this time, and include the duration, severity and scope of the COVID-19 outbreak; the actions taken to contain or treat the COVID-19 outbreak.

The occurrence of any of the foregoing could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, operating results and financial condition.

Just Energy relies upon forecasts and models which could be materially different than actual results and could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Just Energy relies upon forecasts and models because the approach to calculation of market value and customer forecasts requires data-intensive modelling used in conjunction with certain assumptions when independently verifiable information is not available. Although Just Energy uses industry standard approaches and validates its internally developed models, should underlying assumptions prove incorrect or an embedded modelling error go undetected in the vetting process, it could result in incorrect estimates and thereby have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Risks Related to Customer Credit

Just Energy’ customers may not be able to pay due to changes in Company’s assessment process for creditworthiness of customers or in the markets where LDCs collect the amounts for a fee, may not be able to do so. Also risks of fraud and deception by employees and customers may have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition and liquidity.

Just Energy has customer credit risk in various markets where bills are sent directly to customers for energy consumption from Just Energy, including in Texas and Alberta. In addition, if the Company changes the criteria for assessing the creditworthiness of its customers, any such change could result in increased customer credit risk for Just Energy or a decrease in number of customers. If a significant number of direct bill customers were to default on their payments, including as a result of any changes to the Company’s criteria for assessing customer creditworthiness or the impact of

11

Table of Contents

COVID-19, it could have a material adverse effect on the financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity of Just Energy.

For other customers, the LDCs provide collection services and assume the risk of any bad debts owing from Just Energy’s customers for a fee. There is no assurance that the LDCs that provide these services will continue to do so in the future or that current rates charged by LDCs will remain at the same level, which would mean that Just Energy may have to accept additional customer credit risk.

The Company is exposed to the risk of fraud, misconduct and other deceptive practices that could be committed by our customers, employees or other third parties engaged by us, including but not limited to fraudulent customer enrolments and invalid brokerage relationships. It is not always possible to deter fraud, misconduct or other deceptive practices and the Company’s systems that are in place to prevent and detect such activity may not be effective in all circumstances. Instances of fraud, misconduct or other deceptive practices could lead to, among other things, increased bad debts and/or payment of improper commissions by the Company, and generally could harm Just Energy’s reputation. Any fraud, misconduct or other deceptive practices that are perpetrated against the Company could have a material adverse effect on the financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity of Just Energy.

Risks Related to Market Volatility

The trading price of the common shares has in the past been, and may in the future be, subject to significant fluctuations. Under the potential Stalking Horse Transaction, the common shares will be cancelled or redeemed and receive no consideration.

Prior to March 9, 2021, Just Energy’s common shares traded on the TSX and the NYSE. Following the CCAA filing by Just Energy, the TSX and NYSE halted trading of the common shares on the respective exchanges and commenced delisting proceedings. On March 16, 2021, Just Energy announced that it would voluntarily delist from the TSX and that it planned to be listed on the TSX-V. On March 22, 2021, Just Energy announced that it would not appeal the delisting of its common shares from the NYSE. As of March 23, 2021 and June 4, 2021, the common shares trade on the OTC Pink and the TSX-V, respectively. On May 19, 2022, Just Energy announced that the TSX Venture Exchange was transferring the Company’s listing from the TSX Venture Exchange to the NEX, effective at the opening of the market on Friday, May 20, 2022. The trading symbol for the Company changed from JE to JE.H. The trading price of the common shares has in the past been, and may in the future be, subject to significant fluctuations. These fluctuations may be caused by events related or unrelated to Just Energy’s operating performance and beyond its control. Under the potential Stalking Horse Transaction, the common shares will be cancelled or redeemed and receive no consideration.  If there is a winning bidder other than the Stalking Horse Purchaser under the SISP, any incremental value must first provide recovery to substantial general unsecured creditors and therefore, no assurance can be made that such bidder will provide a recovery for existing common shareholders. Factors such as the outcome of the SISP, actual or anticipated fluctuations in Just Energy’s operating results (including as a result of seasonality and volatility caused by mark to market accounting for commodity contracts), fluctuations in the share prices of other companies operating in business sectors comparable to those in which Just Energy operates, outcomes of litigation or regulatory proceedings, among other things, including due to the impact of COVID-19, may have a significant impact on the market price of the common shares. In addition, the stock market has experienced volatility, which often has been unrelated to the operating performance of Just Energy and other affected companies. These market fluctuations may materially and adversely affect the market price of the common shares, which may make it more difficult for shareholders to sell their common shares or their shares are cancelled or redeemed under the potential Stalking Horse transaction for no consideration.

Risks Related to Commodity Prices

Just Energy’s business is exposed to fluctuations in commodity prices, which could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Just Energy’s cost to serve its retail energy customers is exposed to fluctuations in commodity prices, in particular natural gas and electricity. Although Just Energy enters into commodity derivative instruments with its suppliers to manage the commodity price risks, it is exposed to commodity price risk where estimated customer requirements do not match actual

12

Table of Contents

customer requirements. Furthermore, sudden and significant increase in customers’ consumption can require Just Energy to purchase or sell excess supply in the spot market. Spot market prices during periods of scarcity, such as the Weather Event, can be extremely volatile and being forced to purchase commodities in the spot market to meet customer demand can have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity. Additionally, Just Energy may also suffer losses if it is required to sell excess supply in the spot market.

Furthermore, a sudden and significant drop in the commodity market price could result in an increase in customer attrition, regulatory pressure and resistance on enforcement of liquidated damages and/or enactment of provisions to reset the customer price to current market price levels. If this occurs it could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Commodity volume imbalance could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Depending on several factors, including weather, Just Energy’s customers may use more or less natural gas commodity than the volume purchased by Just Energy for delivery to them. Just Energy bears the financial responsibility, is exposed to market risk and, furthermore, may also be exposed to penalties by the “LDCs” for balancing customer volume requirements. Although Just Energy manages volume balancing risk through balancing language in some of its retail energy contracts, enters into weather options, and derivative structures to mitigate weather and volume balancing risk, and leverages natural gas storage facilities to manage daily delivery requirements, increased costs and/or losses resulting from occurrences of volume imbalance net of Just Energy’s risk management activities could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

During periods of extreme weather, such as the Weather Event, Just Energy’s obligations to serve its customers on a full requirement basis requires Just Energy to balance its commodity requirements in the spot market. Just Energy attempts to purchase additional supply through weather options and derivative structures (options, call rights, put rights etc.), which strategies are developed using empirical analysis. There can be no assurances that future periods of extreme weather will not be more severe than historical scenarios and the commodity balancing impact from extreme weather could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

During periods of extreme weather, such as the Weather Event, Just Energy’s obligations to serve its customers on a full requirement basis requires Just Energy to balance its commodity requirements in the spot market. Just Energy attempts to purchase additional supply through weather options and derivative structures (options, call rights, put rights etc.). There can be no assurances that weather options or derivative structures historically used by Just Energy will be available or the costs of such structures could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Risks Related to Inflation, Recession, Interest Rates and Foreign Exchange Rates

Adverse economic conditions, including inflation, increased power and natural gas costs, foreclosures, impacts to our customer base and customer collections, and business failures, could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy.

Inflation may cause increases in certain operating and capital costs. The ability to control operating expenses is an important factor that will influence our future results. Rapid increases in the price of power or natural gas may cause Just Energy to experience a significant decrease in liquidity as LDCs, suppliers or ISOs require collateral postings or increased working capital.

Large fluctuations in interest rates could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Just Energy is exposed to interest rate risk associated with its liabilities subject to compromise. The Federal Reserve Bank of United States and Bank of Canada began to increase benchmark interest rates in March 2022 and has indicated its intention to continue to raise benchmark interest rates throughout 2022 in an effort to curb the upward inflationary pressure

13

Table of Contents

on the cost of goods and services across the United States. Large fluctuations in interest rates and increases in interest costs could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

The mix of foreign currency denominated earnings and cashflow could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition.

Just Energy is exposed to foreign exchange risk to certain U.S. dollar denominated income and expenditures against Canadian dollar denominated income, expenditures and interest. Just Energy enters into foreign exchange derivative instruments to manage the operating cash flow risk on certain retail contracts. Currently, Just Energy does not enter into derivative instruments to manage foreign exchange translation risk. Large fluctuations in foreign exchange rates may have a significant impact on Just Energy’s financial condition.

Risks Related to Liquidity

Just Energy may not be able to extend, replace, refinance or repay its DIP Facility or debt obligations, which could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s business and financial condition.

Just Energy is at risk of not being able to settle its debt obligations, including under its DIP Facility. The DIP Facility has substantial restrictions and financial covenants and if the Company is unable to comply with the covenant requirements under the DIP Facility it could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results and cash flows. The Company has certain other debt obligations that have been stayed under the CCAA proceedings. If the stay under the CCAA proceedings is lifted, such action would have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, and cash flows. Just Energy may not be able to extend, replace or refinance its DIP Facility, complete the SISP and emerge from the CCAA proceedings. If liquidity is needed, the Company may not be able to access other external financial resources, and Just Energy may be required to cease operations, close down, sell or otherwise dispose of all or part of the business of Just Energy’s subsidiaries, any of which would have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s business and financial condition.

The CCAA proceeding may adversely affect the Company’s business, relationships, operations, financial condition and reputation.

On March 9, 2021, the Company announced that it had sought and received creditor protection via Court Orders from the Ontario Court and from the Houston Court. On June 7, 2022, the Ontario Court extended the stay period until August 19, 2022. Just Energy may be unable to extend the stay period further. If Just Energy is unable to further extend the stay period, creditors would then be entitled to exercise their various rights and remedies against the Company and Just Energy may be required to cease operations, close down, sell or otherwise dispose of all or part of the business of Just Energy’s subsidiaries, any of which would have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s business and financial condition.

Following the completion of the CCAA proceeding, it is possible that our having filed for CCAA protection and protection under Chapter 15, may adversely affect our business and relationships with customers, vendors, contractors or employees. This may result in suppliers, customers, and other contract counterparties terminating their relationship with the Company or requiring additional financial assurances or enhanced performance from the Company. Additionally, the CCAA proceeding may impact the Company’s ability to renew existing contracts, compete for new business, attract, motivate and/or retain key executive. The occurrence of one or more of these events may materially affect the Company’s business, operations, financial condition and reputation.

The DIP Facility has substantial restrictions and financial covenants and if the Company is unable to comply with the covenant requirements under the DIP Facility it could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results and cash flows.

In connection with the CCAA proceedings and in order to provide required liquidity during the CCAA process, on March 9, 2021, the Company entered into the DIP Facility.

14

Table of Contents

In addition to customary affirmative covenant obligations, the DIP Facility provides for certain information delivery requirements including every four weeks a new consolidated statement setting out the weekly projected cash flow forecasts of cash disbursements of the Company for a 13-week period from the date of delivery thereof. Additionally, the DIP Facility requires that there will be no negative variance in the Company’s actual expenditures from that set out in the most recently approved budget for the previous four weeks, in excess of 20% for each individual line item.

The DIP Facility also contains customary negative covenants restricting a certain number of the Company’s activities, including restrictions on the ability to incur indebtedness, incur liens, consummate certain fundamental changes, make investments, dispose of assets, enter into sale and lease transactions, and make restricted payments. Furthermore, the DIP Facility contains customary events of default, in addition to the negative budget variance discussed above, as well as certain other CCAA proceeding related events. In the event of default, the interest rate will increase by an additional 2% per annum until amounts owing under the DIP Facility are repaid in full.

If the Company is unable to comply with the covenant requirements under the DIP Facility, it could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results and cash flows.

The Company’s various lenders may take actions if the stay under the CCAA proceedings is lifted and such actions may have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, and cash flows.

The Company has certain debt obligations that are in default due to the CCAA proceedings. Pursuant to the Court Orders, the lenders have been stayed from taking any actions with respect to the default without court authorization. If the stay implemented pursuant to the Court Orders is lifted or expires and the Company’s lenders are able to take action with respect to the events of default caused by the filing of the CCAA proceedings, it could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, operating results, financial condition and liquidity.

The Company is subject to increased collateral requirements as a result of the CCAA proceedings, if the Company is unable to satisfy future collateral requirements it could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results and liquidity.

In several markets where Just Energy operates, payment is provided to Just Energy by LDCs only when the customer has paid the LDC for the consumed commodity, rather than when the commodity is delivered. Just Energy also manages natural gas storage facilities where Just Energy must inject natural gas in advance of payment. These factors, along with seasonality in energy consumption, create a working capital requirement necessitating the use of Just Energy’s available Liquidity. In addition, Just Energy and its subsidiaries are required to post collateral to LDCs certain commodity suppliers and ISOs. The filing under the CCAA caused Just Energy to have to post additional collateral to certain independent system operators and pipelines. Any significant changes in payment terms managed by LDCs, any increase in cost of carrying natural gas storage inventory, and any increase in collateral posting requirements could result in significant liquidity risk to Just Energy and could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results and liquidity.

Risks Related to Ownership of the common shares

Just Energy does not pay a dividend on the common shares and under the potential Stalking Horse Transaction, the common shares will be cancelled or redeemed for no consideration.

Just Energy may issue an unlimited number of common shares and up to 50,000,000 preferred shares. There are 48,078,637 common shares and no preferred shares currently issued and outstanding.  Just Energy does not pay a dividend on the common shares and cannot under the CCAA proceedings. Under the potential Stalking Horse Transaction, the common shares will be cancelled or redeemed and the common shareholders will receive no consideration.

15

Table of Contents

Risks Related to Counterparties

The Company is subject to counterparty risk, if a counterparty were to default on its contractual obligations, it could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Just Energy enters into long-term derivative contracts with its counterparties. If a derivative counterparty were to default on its contractual obligations, Just Energy would be required to replace its contracted commodities or instruments at prevailing market prices, which may negatively affect the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flows or liquidity. Just Energy mitigates credit risk by procuring its derivatives from investment grade rated counterparties or requiring adequate financial assurance from unrated counterparties. While adequate financial assurances may offset Just Energy’s financial exposure to a counterparty, the counterparty default may have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Just Energy’s suppliers may fail to deliver commodities to Just Energy, which could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Just Energy’s business model is based on contracting for supply of electricity or natural gas to deliver to its customers. Failure by Just Energy’s supply counterparties to deliver these commodities to Just Energy due to business failure, supply shortage, force majeure including as a result of COVID-19, or any other failure of such counterparties to perform their obligations under the applicable contracts would put Just Energy at risk of not meeting its delivery requirements with LDCs or ISOs, thereby resulting in penalties, price risk, liquidity and collateral risk. Just Energy attempts to mitigate supply delivery risk by diversifying its commodity procurement and purchasing from multiple suppliers. Following the filing under the CCAA, several of Just Energy’s supply counterparties terminated their supply agreements with Just Energy, limiting Just Energy’s ability to source supply from multiple counterparties. As a result, Just Energy may not be able to source supply from additional counterparties and may be limited to fewer suppliers especially in tight and illiquid markets. If any of the Company’s suppliers fail to deliver commodities or otherwise fail to perform under their contracts with Just Energy, it could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Risks Related to Legal and Regulatory Requirements

Regulatory investigations or other administrative proceedings could expose us to significant liabilities and reputational damage that could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, operating results and financial condition.

Just Energy may receive complaints from consumers which may involve sanctions from regulatory and legal authorities. The most significant potential sanction is the suspension or revocation of a license which would prevent Just Energy from selling in a particular jurisdiction.

Litigation and legal proceedings could expose us to significant liabilities and reputational damage that could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, operating results and financial condition.

In addition to the litigation referenced herein (refer to Part I. Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, Note 25(d), Commitment and Contingencies) (refer to Part I, Item 3 “Legal proceedings”) and occurring in the ordinary course of business, Just Energy may in the future be subject to additional class actions and other actions. This litigation is, and any such additional litigation could be, time consuming and expensive and could distract the executive team from the conduct of Just Energy’s business and may result in costly settlement arrangements. An adverse resolution or reputational damage of any specific lawsuit could have a material adverse effect on Just Energy’s business, financial condition or operating results and the ability to favorably resolve other lawsuits.

16

Table of Contents

The Company makes significant estimates and judgments in connection with the development of its financial statements. To the extent actual results are different than the estimates, it could result in a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Just Energy makes accounting estimates and judgments in the ordinary course of business. Such accounting estimates and judgments will affect the reported amounts of Just Energy’s assets and liabilities as of the date of its financial statements and the reported amounts of its operating results during the periods presented. Additionally, Just Energy interprets the accounting rules in existence as at the date of its financial statements when the accounting rules are not specific to a particular event or transaction. If the underlying estimates are ultimately proven to be incorrect, or if Just Energy’s auditors or regulators subsequently interpret Just Energy’s application of accounting rules differently, subsequent adjustments could have a material adverse effect on Just Energy’s operating results for the period or periods in which the change is identified. Additionally, subsequent adjustments could require Just Energy to restate its historical financial statements. The occurrence of any of the foregoing could result in a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, operating results, cash flow and liquidity.

Just Energy implements changes to accounting rules and interpretations as required in accordance with U.S. GAAP, there is no guarantee that such changes will not have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition and operating results.

Implementation of and compliance with changes in accounting rules and interpretations could adversely affect Just Energy’s financial condition and operating results or cause unanticipated fluctuations in operating results in future periods. The accounting rules and regulations that Just Energy must comply with are complex and regularly changing. Any future changes to accounting rules and interpretations of such rules in accordance with U.S GAAP may have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s financial condition and operating results.

Just Energy has reported material weakness in its financial statements. The inability of Just Energy to remedy such material weaknesses effectively could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s business, financial condition, operating results and liquidity.

Just Energy faces the risk of deficiencies in its internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures. The Board of Directors, in coordination with the Audit Committee, is responsible for assessing the progress and sufficiency of internal control over financial reporting and disclosure controls and procedures, which are adjusted as necessary. Any deficiencies, if uncorrected, could result in Just Energy’s financial statements being inaccurate and may require future adjustments and/or restatements of historical financial statements. The occurrence of any of the foregoing could have a material adverse impact on Just Energy’s business, financial condition, operating results and liquidity.

General Risk Factors

The COVID-19 pandemic has had and could continue to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flow and operating results.

COVID-19 has had and could continue to have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business, including its financial condition, cash flow and operating results. COVID-19 was first reported in December 2019 and has since spread to over 200 countries and territories. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic and recommended containment and mitigation measures worldwide. The resulting emergency measures enacted by governments in Canada, the United States and around the world, caused material disruption to many businesses and the economies in Canada and the United States. As the pandemic and responses to it continue, the Company may experience further disruptions to commodities markets, supply chains and the health, availability and efficiency of the Company’s workforce, which could adversely affect its ability to conduct its business and operations and limit the Company’s ability to execute its business plan. Both the outbreak of the disease and measures taken to slow its spread have created significant uncertainty and economic volatility and disruption, which have impacted and may continue to impact the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flow and operating results. The ultimate impact will depend on future developments, including, among other things, the efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccines, the spread of vaccine resistant strains of the virus, ultimate duration of the COVID-19 pandemic, the depth and duration of the economic downturn and other economic

17

Table of Contents

effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the consequences of governmental and other measures designed to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, actions taken by governmental authorities, customers, lenders, contract counterparties, vendors and other parties with whom we have business relations and the timing and extent to which normal economic and operating conditions resume.

Public health crises, such as COVID-19, may have a material adverse impact on the Company’s operations.

Just Energy’s business, operations, financial condition and operating results could be materially adversely affected by the outbreak of epidemics, pandemics or other health crises, such as the outbreak of the COVID-19. Such public health crises can result in operational and supply chain delays and disruptions, global stock market and financial market volatility, declining trade and market sentiment, reduced movement of people and labor shortages, and travel and shipping disruption and shutdowns, including as a result of government regulation and prevention measures, or a fear of any of the foregoing, all of which could affect commodity prices, interest rates, credit ratings, credit risk and inflation.

Just Energy may experience business and operational interruptions relating to COVID-19 and other such events outside of the Company’s control, which could have a material adverse impact on the business, financial condition, operating results and the market for the securities.

In addition, Just Energy has certain back-office operations conducted by its affiliate located in India. The COVID-19 pandemic in India and resulting government measures have impacted Just Energy’s business and operations and may have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business if such operations are unable to run at full capacity.

The loss of the services of key management and personnel could adversely affect the Company’s ability to successfully operate its businesses.

Just Energy’s future success depends on, among other things, its ability to keep the services of its executives and to hire other highly qualified employees at all levels. Just Energy competes with other potential employers for employees and may not be successful in hiring and keeping the services of executives and other employees that it needs. The loss of the services of, or the inability to hire, executives or key employees could hinder Just Energy’s business operations and growth and adversely affect Just Energy’s ability to successfully operate its business.

Additionally, while the Company has modified or restricted certain business and workforce practices (including employee travel, presence at employee work locations, and physical participation in meetings, events, and conferences) to protect the health and safety of the Company’s workforce, and to conform to government orders and best practices encouraged by governmental and regulatory authorities, Just Energy depends on its workforce to operate its business and deliver products and services to its customers. If a large portion of the Company’s operational workforce were to contract COVID-19 or otherwise become unavailable, it could adversely affect the Company’s ability to successfully operate its business.

The conflict between Russia and Ukraine and the related disruptions to the global economy could adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

The global economy has been negatively impacted by the recent conflict between Russia and Ukraine. Governments in the United States, United Kingdom, and European Union have imposed sanctions on certain products, industry sectors, and parties in Russia. Although we do not have any operations in Russia or Ukraine, we have experienced and may continue to experience increased costs for commodities due in part to the negative impact of the conflict on the global economy. If the conflict continues for an extended period of time, it could result in cyberattacks, supply chain disruptions, lower consumer demand, changes in foreign exchange rates, and other impacts, which may adversely affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations.

ITEM 1B.UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

None.

18

Table of Contents

ITEM 2.PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

The Company maintains leased facilities for corporate headquarters in the U.S. and Canada and to conduct the Company’s business operations, which, to the best of the Company’s knowledge are in good condition and working order. Outside the corporate headquarters in Canada and the U.S., the Company does not have material property, plants and equipment.

Please also refer to Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, Note 10 Property and Equipment of this Annual Report for a detailed description of different components of the property and equipment.

ITEM 3.LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

Just Energy and its subsidiaries are party to a number of legal proceedings. Other than as set out below, Just Energy believes that each proceeding constitutes legal matters that are incidental to the business conducted by Just Energy and that the ultimate disposition of the proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on its consolidated earnings, cash flows or financial position.

On March 9, 2021, Just Energy filed for and received creditor protection pursuant to the Court Order under the CCAA and similar protection under Chapter 15 in connection with the Weather Event. On September 15, 2021, the Ontario Court approved the Company’s request to establish a claims process to identify and determine claims against the Company and its subsidiaries that are subject to the ongoing Claims Procedure Order. As part of the CCAA proceedings and in accordance with the Claims Procedure Order, Just Energy continues to review and determine which claims will be allowed, modified or disallowed which may result in additional liabilities subject to compromise that are not currently reflected in the Consolidated Financial Statements (Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”). Currently, the total claims filed against Just Energy and its subsidiaries pursuant to the Claims Procedure Order are in excess of $14 billion, including approximately $1 billion in secured claims which include letters of credit. The previously disclosed class action against Just Energy, Just Energy Corp. and Just Energy Ontario L.P. with Haidar Omarali as plaintiff, and certain other class action claims, are subject to the Claims Procedure Order. Just Energy expects that the final amount of accepted unsecured claims will be much lower than the face amount of the filed claims. However, on August 4, 2022 Just Energy entered into the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement with the Stalking Horse Purchaser and the SISP Support Agreement in connection with the SISP that is intended to facilitate its exit from the Company’s ongoing insolvency proceedings as a going concern. The Stalking Horse Transaction provides that certain secured creditors will receive cash payments and/or equity in exchange for their debt, and existing equityholders’ interests will be cancelled or redeemed for no consideration.  In addition, no amounts will be available for distribution to the Just Energy Entities’ general unsecured creditors, including the previously disclosed class action against Just Energy, Just Energy Corp. and Just Energy Ontario L.P. with Haidar Omarali as plaintiff, and certain other class action claims.

On July 23, 2019, Just Energy announced that, as part of its Strategic Review process, management identified customer enrolment and non–payment issues, primarily in Texas. In response to this announcement, and in some cases in response to this and other subsequent related announcements, putative class action lawsuits were filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas and in the Ontario Court, on behalf of investors that purchased Just Energy Group Inc. securities during various periods, ranging from November 9, 2017 through August 19, 2019. The U.S. lawsuits have been consolidated in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas with one lead plaintiff and the Ontario lawsuits have been consolidated with one lead plaintiff. The U.S. lawsuit seeks damages allegedly arising from violations of the United States Securities Exchange Act. The Ontario lawsuit seeks damages allegedly arising from violations of Canadian securities legislation and of common law. The Ontario lawsuit was subsequently amended to, among other things, extend the period to July 7, 2020. On September 2, 2020, pursuant to Just Energy’s plan of arrangement, the Superior Court of Justice (Ontario) ordered that all existing equity class action claimants shall be irrevocably and forever limited solely to recovery from the proceeds of the insurance policies payable on behalf of Just Energy or its directors and officers in respect of any such existing equity class action claims, and such existing equity class action claimants shall have no right to, and shall not, directly or indirectly, make any claim or seek any recoveries from any of the released parties or any of their respective current or former officers and directors in respect of any existing equity class action claims, other than enforcing their rights to be paid by the applicable insurer(s) from the proceeds of the applicable insurance policies. Pursuant to the CCAA proceedings, these

19

Table of Contents

proceedings have been stayed. Just Energy denies the allegations and will vigorously defend against these claims if they proceed.

On November 12, 2021, Just Energy, along with the Just Energy Parties, initiated the ERCOT Lawsuit against ERCOT and the PUCT in the Houston Court. The Lawsuit seeks to recover payments that were made by the Just Energy Parties to ERCOT for certain invoices relating to the Weather Event. On February 2, 2022, the Houston Court dismissed the Lawsuit against the PUCT.

ITEM 4.MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURE

Not applicable.

20

Table of Contents

PART II

ITEM 5.MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

The common shares of the Company were halted from trading on the TSX on March 9, 2021 and the Company delisted from the TSX on June 3, 2021. The Company listed its common shares on the TSX-V as of June 4, 2021 under the symbol “JE”. In addition, the Company was delisted from the NYSE on March 22, 2021 and was listed on the OTC under the symbol “JENGQ” on March 23, 2021.

On May 19, 2022, the common shares of the Company were transferred from the TSX Venture Exchange to the NEX and are trading under the symbol “JE.H.”. The Company’s common shares continue to trade on the OTC Pink Market under the symbol “JENGQ”.

Market information and holders

The Company’s common shares trade on the NEX under the symbol “JE.H” and on the OTC under the symbol “JENGQ”. As of August 4, 2022, the closing market price of our common shares was C$0.33 per share, and there were approximately 30 holders of record.

Dividends

Just Energy does not pay a dividend on its common shares and we are not allowed to pay dividends under the CCAA proceedings. Under the potential Stalking Horse Transaction, the common shares will be cancelled or redeemed and common shareholders will receive no consideration.

Purchases of equity securities by the issuer and affiliated purchasers

Not applicable.

ITEM 6.[RESERVED]

[Reserved]

ITEM 7.MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following MD&A is a review of the financial condition and operating results of Just Energy for the three months and year ended March 31, 2022. This MD&A has been prepared with all information available up to and including August 4, 2022. This MD&A should be read in conjunction with Just Energy’s Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended March 31, 2022 (Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”). The financial information contained herein has been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. All dollar amounts are expressed in US dollars unless otherwise noted. The annual report and supplementary information can be found on Just Energy’s corporate website at investors.justenergy.com. Additional information can be found on SEDAR at www.sedar.com or on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.

COMPANIES’ CREDITIORS ARRANGEMENT AND CHAPTER 15 PROCEEDINGS

In February 2021, the State of Texas experienced the Weather Event. The Weather Event led to increased electricity demand and sustained high prices from February 13, 2021 through February 20, 2021. As a result of the losses sustained and without sufficient liquidity to pay the corresponding invoices from the ERCOT when due, and accordingly, on March 9, 2021, Just Energy applied for and received Court Orders under the CCAA from the Ontario Court and under Chapter 15 in the U.S. from the Houston Court. Protection under the Court Orders allows Just Energy to operate while it restructures its capital structure.

21

Table of Contents

As part of the CCAA filing, the Company entered into a $125.0 million DIP Facility financing with certain affiliates of PIMCO (refer to Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”, Note 16(a) and Note 26 Related Party Transactions). The Company also entered into qualifying support agreements with its largest commodity supplier and ISO services provider. The filings and associated DIP Facility arranged by the Company, enabled Just Energy to continue all operations without interruption throughout the U.S. and Canada and to continue making payments required by ERCOT and satisfy other regulatory obligations.

On September 15, 2021, the Ontario Court approved the Company’s request to establish a claims process to identify and determine claims against the Company and its subsidiaries that are subject to the ongoing Claims Procedure Order. As part of the CCAA proceedings and in accordance with the Claims Procedure Order, Just Energy continues to review and determine which claims will be allowed, modified or disallowed, which may result in additional liabilities subject to compromise that are not currently reflected in the Consolidated Financial Statements (refer to Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data” Note 25(d) Commitments and Contingencies).

Plan Support Agreement

As previously disclosed, in connection with the CCAA filing, on May 12, 2022, the Company, the Stalking Horse Purchaser and certain other parties thereto, entered into a plan support agreement (the “Plan Support Agreement”). Upon the execution of the SISP Support Agreement (as defined below), the Plan Support Agreement and the transactions contemplated thereunder were automatically terminated pursuant to its terms.

The Plan Support Agreement contemplated the implementation of a recapitalization and financial restructuring of the Just Energy Entities through: (i) a reorganization of the Just Energy Entities, (ii) a rights offering for the issuance of approximately $192.5 million of new common equity which would be backstopped by the Stalking Horse Purchaser pursuant to the Backstop Commitment Letter, (iii) the issuance of new preferred equity, which would be owned entirely by the Stalking Horse Purchaser, and new common equity, (iv) the cancellation for no consideration of all outstanding shares of the Company and (v) the entry into the new credit agreement and the new intercreditor agreement.

The Plan Support Agreement contained certain covenants on the part of the parties thereto, as well as certain conditions to the obligations of such parties and for termination upon the occurrence of certain events, including, without limitation, the failure to achieve certain milestones and certain breaches by the parties under the Plan Support Agreement.

Backstop Commitment Letter

Also, as previously disclosed, in connection with the Plan Support Agreement, on May 12, 2022, the Stalking Horse Purchaser entered into a Backstop Commitment Letter (the “Backstop Commitment Letter”) with Just Energy (U.S.) Corp., pursuant to which the Stalking Horse Purchaser (the “Backstop Parties”) agreed to backstop the approximately $192.5 million rights offering contemplated by the Plan Support Agreement. Upon the execution of the SISP Support Agreement (as defined below), the Backstop Commitment Letter and the transactions contemplated thereunder were automatically terminated pursuant to its terms.

Under the Backstop Commitment Letter, the Backstop Parties agreed, subject to the terms and conditions of the Backstop Commitment Letter, to (i) purchase new common equity of the new parent company of the Just Energy Entities, (ii) subscribe for and receive its pro rata share of any unsubscribed new common equity in the rights offering and (iii) subscribe for and receive its pro rata share of new common equity in the rights offering upon the failure by another participant to fulfill its subscription obligations by the participation deadline. The issuance of the new common equity under the rights offering will represent in the aggregate 80% of the new common equity of the new parent company of the Just Energy Entities.

Under the Backstop Commitment Letter, Just Energy (U.S.) Corp. agreed to issue and deliver 10% of the outstanding new common shares on the effective date, which would have constituted backstop commitment fee shares. In addition, Just Energy (U.S.) Corp. agreed to pay a termination fee of $15 million to the Backstop Parties if the Plan Support Agreement is terminated under certain circumstances. Pursuant to the Backstop Commitment Letter, the term loan lenders of the Just Energy Entities were entitled to participate in the rights offering as backstop parties for their pro rata shares of new common equity. The Backstop Parties’ commitments to backstop the rights offering and the other transactions contemplated by the

22

Table of Contents

Backstop Commitment Letter were conditioned upon the satisfaction of all applicable conditions set forth in the Backstop Commitment Letter.

PROPOSED SALE AND INVESTMENT SOLICITATION PROCESS AND STALKING HORSE TRANSACTION

On August 4, 2022, the Company entered into a stalking horse transaction agreement (the “Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement”) with the Stalking Horse Purchaser and a support agreement (the “SISP Support Agreement”) in connection with the SISP that is intended to facilitate its exit from the Company’s ongoing insolvency proceedings as a going concern.

Under the SISP, interested parties are invited to participate in accordance with the approved SISP procedures. If one or more qualified bids (other than the transaction contemplated by the Stalking Horse Transaction) are received by September 29, 2022, then Just Energy intends to proceed with an auction to determine the successful bid(s), subject to the terms of the approved SISP procedures. If the Stalking Horse Purchaser is determined to be the successful bidder at the conclusion of the SISP and is subsequently approved by the Court, the Stalking Horse Purchaser will become the sole shareholder of Just Energy (U.S.) Corp., which will be the new parent company of all of the Just Energy Entities, including the Company, and the Just Energy Entities will continue their business and operations as a going concern.

The SISP Support Agreement further contemplates the entry into the Stalking Horse Transaction pursuant to the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement, under which, among other things, (A) the Stalking Horse Purchaser agreed to act as a “stalking horse” bidder with respect to the SISP, (B) the existing common shares and all other equity interests of the Company would be cancelled or redeemed for no consideration, (C) the issuance of new common equity and new preferred equity of the new parent company of the Just Energy Entities, which will be owned entirely by certain affiliates of the Stalking Horse Purchaser, and (v) the entry into a new credit agreement and a new intercreditor agreement on the terms set forth in the term sheets appended to the SISP Support Agreement.

The SISP Support Agreement contains certain covenants on the part of the parties thereto, as well as certain termination rights upon the occurrence of certain events, including, without limitation, (i) the failure to achieve certain milestones and certain breaches by the parties under the SISP Support Agreement and (ii) the Stalking Horse Purchaser not being the successful bidder under the SISP procedures. Additionally, upon the execution of the SISP Support Agreement, each of the Plan Support Agreement, the Backstop Commitment Letter and the transactions contemplated thereunder were automatically terminated.

Key terms of the Stalking Horse Transaction include:

The Stalking Horse Purchaser will become the sole shareholder of Just Energy (U.S.) Corp., which will be the new parent company of all of the Just Energy Entities, including the Company, and the Just Energy Entities will continue their business and operations as a going concern.
The purchase price payable pursuant to the Stalking Horse Transaction is (i) $184.9 million in cash; plus (ii) a credit bid of approximately $230 million plus accrued interest of secured claims assigned to the Stalking Horse Purchaser; plus (iii) the assumption of Assumed Liabilities (as defined below), including up to CAD$10 million owing under the Company’s first lien credit facility (the “Credit Facility Remaining Debt”) to remain outstanding under an amended and restated credit agreement.
Post-filing claims, the Credit Facility Remaining Debt, claims by energy regulators, and certain other liabilities enumerated in the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement (“Assumed Liabilities”) will continue to be liabilities of the Just Energy Entities following consummation of the Stalking Horse Transaction. Excluded liabilities and assets of the Just Energy Entities will be discharged from the Just Energy Entities pursuant to an Approval and Vesting Order to be sought subject to the Stalking Horse Transaction being the successful bid in the SISP.
No amounts will be available for distribution to the Just Energy Entities’ general unsecured creditors, including the Term Loan lenders.
All currently outstanding shares, options and other equity of Just Energy will be cancelled or redeemed for no consideration and without any vote of the existing shareholders.

23

Table of Contents

A break-up fee of $14.7 million to be paid to the Stalking Horse Purchaser upon the consummation of an Alternative Restructuring Proposal (as defined in the Transaction Agreement) in the event of termination of the Transaction Agreement in certain specified circumstances.

The parties’ obligations under the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement are conditioned upon the satisfaction or waiver of all applicable conditions set forth in the Stalking Horse Transaction Agreement, including, among others, the entry by the Court of the SISP Order and the Vesting Order, the completion of the Implementation Steps by the Just Energy Entities, the receipt of all required Transaction Regulatory Approvals (as defined in the Transaction Agreement) and that upon the consummation of the Transaction, no Just Energy Entity will be a reporting issuer (or equivalent) under any United States or Canadian securities laws.

On June 7, 2022, the Ontario Court extended the stay until August 19, 2022. The stay extension allows the Company to continue to operate in the ordinary course of business while pursuing its proposed restructuring plan.

On May 19, 2022, the common shares of the Company were transferred from the TSX Venture Exchange to the NEX and are trading under the symbol “JE.H.”.  The Company’s common shares continue to trade on the OTC Pink Market under the symbol “JENGQ”.

WEATHER EVENT RELATED UPLIFT SECURITIZATION PROCEEDS

On June 16, 2021, HB 4492 became law in Texas. HB 4492 provides a mechanism for recovery of certain Weather Event Costs, incurred by various parties, including the Company, during the Weather Event, through certain securitization structures.

On October 13, 2021, the PUCT approved the Final Order authorizing the securitization of certain Weather Event Costs by ERCOT. On December 7, 2021, ERCOT filed its calculation with the PUCT in accordance with the PUCT Final Order implementing HB 4492. The Company received $147.5 million in June 2022.

SALE OF ECOBEE INVESTMENTS

On December 1, 2021, Generac completed the acquisition of all issued and outstanding shares of ecobee, including all of the ecobee shares held by the Company. The Company held approximately 8% of the ecobee shares. The Company received $12.3 million cash and 80,281 shares of Generac common stock. The Company subsequently sold all of the Generac shares for a sum of $28.4 million during December 2021, resulting in total consideration of approximately $40.7 million. This sale has resulted in a gain on investment of $15.0 million recorded in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the year ended March 31, 2022. The Company could receive up to an additional $8.0 million in Generac stock during 2022 and 2023, provided that certain performance targets are achieved by ecobee.

Forward-looking information

This MD&A may contain forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements with respect to the CCAA proceedings. These statements are based on current expectations that involve several risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ from those anticipated. These risks include, but are not limited to, risks with respect to: the ability of the Company to continue as a going concern; the outcome of proceedings under the CCAA and similar proceedings in the United States, including the SISP; the outcome of any potential litigation with respect to the Weather Event, the outcome of any invoice dispute with ERCOT; the Company’s discussions with key stakeholders regarding the CCAA proceedings; the impact of the evolving COVID-19 pandemic on the Company’s business, operations and sales; uncertainties relating to the ultimate spread, severity and duration of COVID-19 and related adverse effects on the economies and financial markets of countries in which the Company operates; the ability of the Company to successfully implement its business continuity plans with respect to the COVID-19 pandemic; the Company’s ability to access sufficient capital to provide liquidity to manage its cash flow requirements; general economic, business and market conditions; the ability of management to execute its business plan; levels of customer natural gas and electricity consumption; extreme weather conditions; rates of customer additions and renewals; customer credit risk; rates of customer attrition; fluctuations in natural gas and electricity prices; interest and exchange rates; actions taken by governmental authorities including energy marketing regulation; increases in taxes and changes in government regulations and incentive programs; changes in regulatory regimes; results of litigation and decisions by regulatory authorities; competition; and

24

Table of Contents

dependence on certain suppliers. Additional information on these and other factors that could affect Just Energy’s operations or financial results are included in Just Energy’s annual information form and other reports on file with U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission website at www.sec.gov or Canadian securities regulatory authorities which can be accessed through the SEDAR website at www.sedar.com and on the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov or through Just Energy’s website at investors.justenergy.com.

Company overview

Just Energy is a CBCA corporation created on January 1, 2011, pursuant to a plan of arrangement approved by unitholders of the Just Energy Income Fund on June 29, 2010, and by the Alberta Court of the Queen’s Bench on June 30, 2010. Just Energy is a retail energy provider specializing in electricity and natural gas commodities, energy efficient solutions, carbon offsets and renewable energy options. Operating in the U.S. and Canada, Just Energy serves both residential and commercial customers, providing homes and businesses with a broad range of energy solutions that deliver comfort, convenience and control. Just Energy is the parent company of Amigo Energy, Filter Group, Hudson Energy, Interactive Energy Group, Tara Energy and Terrapass.

On May 19, 2022, the common shares of the Company were transferred from the TSX Venture Exchange to the NEX and are trading under the symbol “JE.H.”. The Company’s common shares continue to trade on the OTC Pink Market under the symbol “JENGQ”.

Graphic

Continuing operations overview

MASS MARKETS SEGMENT

The Mass Markets segment includes customers acquired and served under the Just Energy, Tara Energy, Amigo Energy and Terrapass brands. Marketing of the energy products of this segment is primarily done through the digital and retail sales channels. Mass Market customers make up 73% of Just Energy’s Base Gross Margin, which is currently focused on price–protected and flat–bill product offerings, as well as JustGreen products. To the extent that certain customers are better served by shorter–term or enhanced variable rate products, the Mass Markets segment’s sales channels offer these products.

Just Energy also provides home water filtration systems with its line of consumer product and service offerings through Filter Group.

COMMERCIAL SEGMENT

The Commercial segment includes customers acquired and served under Hudson Energy, as well as brokerage services managed by Interactive Energy Group. Hudson Energy sales are made through three main channels: brokers, in-person commercial independent contractors and inside commercial sales representatives. Commercial customers make up 27% of Just Energy’s Base Gross Margin. Products offered to Commercial customers range from standard fixed–price offerings to “one off” offerings, tailored to meet the customer’s specific needs. These products can be fixed or floating rate or a blend of the two, and normally have a term of less than five years. Base Gross Margin per RCE for this segment is lower than it is for the Mass Markets segment, but customer acquisition costs and ongoing customer care costs per RCE are lower as well. Commercial customers also have significantly lower attrition rates than Mass Markets customers.

25

Table of Contents

ABOUT JUST ENERGY’S PRODUCTS

Just Energy offers products and services to address customers’ essential needs, including electricity and natural gas commodities, energy efficient solutions, carbon offsets and renewable energy options as well as water quality and filtration devices.

Electricity

Just Energy services various states and territories in the U.S. and Canada with electricity. A variety of electricity solutions are offered, including fixed–price, flat–bill and variable–price products on both short–term and longer–term contracts. Most of these products provide customers with price–protection programs for the majority of their electricity requirements. Just Energy uses historical usage data for enrolled customers to predict future customer consumption and to help with long–term supply procurement decisions. Flat–bill products offer customers the ability to pay a fixed amount per period regardless of usage.

Just Energy purchases electricity supply from market counterparties for Mass Markets and Commercial customers based on forecasted customer aggregation. Electricity supply is generally purchased concurrently with the execution of a contract for larger Commercial customers. Historical customer usage is obtained from LDCs, which, when normalized to average weather, provides Just Energy with expected normal customer consumption. Just Energy mitigates exposure to weather variations through active management of the electricity portfolio and the purchase of options, including weather derivatives. Just Energy’s ability to successfully mitigate weather effects is limited by the degree to which weather conditions deviate from normal and the availability and costs of such options. To the extent that balancing electricity requirements are outside the forecasted purchases, Just Energy bears the financial responsibility for excess or short supply caused by fluctuations in customer usage. Any supply balancing not fully covered through customer pass–throughs, active management or the options employed may increase or decrease Just Energy’s Base Gross Margin depending upon market conditions at the time of balancing.

Natural gas

Just Energy offers natural gas customers a variety of products ranging from five–year fixed–price contracts to month–to–month variable–price contracts. Gas supply is purchased from market counterparties based on forecasted consumption. For larger Commercial customers, gas supply is generally purchased concurrently with the execution of a contract. Variable rate products allow customers to maintain flexibility while retaining the ability to lock into a fixed price at their discretion. Flat–bill products offer customers the ability to pay a fixed amount per period regardless of usage or changes in the price of the commodity.

The LDCs provide historical customer usage which, when normalized to average weather, enables Just Energy to purchase the expected normal customer consumption. Just Energy mitigates exposure to weather variations through active management of the gas portfolio, which involves, but is not limited to, the purchase of options, including weather derivatives. Just Energy’s ability to successfully mitigate weather effects is limited by the degree to which weather conditions deviate from normal and the availability and costs of such options. To the extent that balancing requirements are outside the forecasted purchase, Just Energy bears the financial responsibility for fluctuations in customer usage. To the extent that supply balancing is not fully covered through active management or the options employed, Just Energy’s Base Gross Margin may increase or decrease depending upon market conditions at the time of balancing.

26

Table of Contents

Territory

Gas delivery method

Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and Michigan

The volumes delivered for a customer typically remain constant throughout the year. Revenues are not recognized until the customer consumes the gas. During the winter months, gas is consumed at a rate that is greater than delivery, resulting in accrued gas receivables, and, in the summer months, deliveries to LDCs exceed customer consumption, resulting in gas delivered in excess of consumption. Just Energy receives cash from the LDCs as the gas is delivered.

Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, California, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania

The volume of gas delivered is based on the estimated consumption and storage requirements for each month. The amount of gas delivered in the months of October to March is higher than in the months of April to September. Cash flow received from most of these markets is greatest during the fall and winter quarters, as cash is normally received from the LDCs in the same period as customer consumption.

JustGreen

Many customers have the ability to choose an appropriate JustGreen program to supplement their electricity and natural gas, providing an effective method to offset their carbon footprint associated with the respective commodity consumption.

JustGreen’s electricity products offer customers the option of having all or a portion of the volume of their electricity usage sourced from renewable green sources such as wind, solar, hydropower or biomass, via power purchase agreements and renewable energy certificates. JustGreen programs for gas customers involve the purchase of carbon offsets from carbon capture and reduction projects. Additional green products allow customers to offset their carbon footprint without buying energy commodity products and can be offered in all states and provinces without being dependent on energy deregulation.

Just Energy currently sells JustGreen electricity and gas in eligible markets across North America. Of all mass market customers who contracted with Just Energy in the past year, 40% purchased JustGreen for some or all of their energy needs. On average, these customers elected to purchase 93% of their consumption as green supply. For comparison, as reported for the trailing 12 months ended March 31, 2021, 37% of Mass Market customers who contracted with Just Energy chose to include JustGreen for an average of 98% of their consumption. As at March 31, 2022, JustGreen makes up 24% of the Mass Market electricity portfolio, compared to 25% in the year ago period. JustGreen makes up 24% of the Mass Market gas portfolio, compared to 17% in the year ago period.

Terrapass

Through Terrapass, customers can offset their environmental impact by purchasing high quality environmental products. Terrapass supports projects throughout North America and world–wide that destroy greenhouse gases, produce renewable energy and restore freshwater ecosystems. Each project is made possible through the purchase of carbon offsets, renewable energy credits and BEF Water Restoration Certificates®. Terrapass offers various purchase options for Mass Markets or Commercial customers, enabling businesses to incorporate seamless carbon offset options by providing marketing and product integration solutions.

Non–U.S. GAAP financial measures

Just Energy’s Consolidated Financial Statements (Part II, Item 8, “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”) are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The financial measures that are defined below do not have a standardized meaning prescribed by U.S. GAAP and may not be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. These financial measures should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net income (loss), cash flow from operating activities and other measures of financial performance as determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP; however, the Company believes that these measures are useful in providing relative operational profitability of the Company’s business.

BASE GROSS MARGIN

“Base Gross Margin” represents gross margin adjusted to exclude the effect of unrealized gains (losses) on derivative instruments, the one–time impact of the Weather Event, and the one–time non–recurring sales tax settlement. Base Gross

27

Table of Contents

Margin is a key measure used by management to assess performance and allocate resources. Management believes that these realized gains (losses) on derivative instruments reflect the long–term financial performance of Just Energy and thus have included them in the Base Gross Margin calculation.

BASE EBITDA

“Base EBITDA” refers to EBITDA adjusted to exclude the impact of unrealized mark to market gains (losses) arising from U.S. GAAP requirements for derivative instruments, Reorganization Costs, share–based compensation, impairment of goodwill, intangible, inventory and others, Strategic Review costs, restructuring costs, gain on investment, realized gains (losses) related to gas held in storage until gas is sold, and non–controlling interest. This measure reflects operational profitability as the impact of the gain on investment, impairment of inventory and Reorganization Costs are one–time non–recurring events. Non–cash share–based compensation expense is treated as an equity issuance for the purposes of this calculation as it will be settled in common shares; the unrealized mark to market gains (losses) are associated with supply already sold in the future at fixed prices; and, the unrealized mark to market gains (losses) of weather derivatives are not related to weather in the current period.

Just Energy tries to ensure that customer margins are protected by entering into fixed–price supply contracts. Under U.S. GAAP, the customer contracts are not marked to market; however, there is a requirement to mark to market the future supply contracts. This creates unrealized and realized gains (losses) depending upon current supply pricing. Management believes that the unrealized mark to market gains (losses) do not impact the long–term financial performance of Just Energy and has excluded them from the Base EBITDA calculation.

Just Energy uses derivative instruments to hedge the gas held in storage for future delivery to customers. Under U.S GAAP, the customer contracts are not marked to market: however, there is a requirement to report the realized gains (losses) in the current period instead of recognizing them as a cost of inventory until delivery to the customer. Just Energy excludes the realized gains (losses) to EBITDA during the injection season and includes them during the withdrawal season in accordance with the customers receiving the gas. Management believes that including the realized gains (losses) during the withdrawal season when the customers receive the gas is more reflective of the operations of the business.

Just Energy recognizes the incremental acquisition costs of obtaining a customer contract as an asset since these costs would not have been incurred if the contract was not obtained and are recovered through the consideration collected from the contract. Commissions and incentives paid for commodity contracts and value–added products contracts are capitalized and amortized over the term of the contract. Amortization of these costs with respect to customer contracts is included in the calculation of Base EBITDA (as selling commission expenses). Amortization of incremental acquisition costs on value–added product contracts is excluded from the Base EBITDA calculation as value–added products are considered to be a lease asset akin to a fixed asset whereby amortization or depreciation expenses are excluded from Base EBITDA.

FREE CASH FLOW AND UNLEVERED FREE CASH FLOW

Free cash flow represents cash flow from operations less maintenance capital expenditures. Unlevered free cash flow represents free cash flows plus interest expense excluding the non–cash portion.

EMBEDDED GROSS MARGIN (“EGM”)

EGM is a rolling five–year measure of management’s estimate of future contracted energy and product gross margin. The commodity EGM is the difference between existing energy customer contract prices and the cost of supply for the remainder of the term, with appropriate assumptions for commodity RCE attrition and renewals. The product gross margin is the difference between existing value–added product customer contract prices and the cost of goods sold on a five–year undiscounted basis for such customer contracts, with appropriate assumptions for value–added product attrition and renewals. It is assumed that expiring contracts will be renewed at target margin renewal rates.

EGM indicates the gross margin expected to be realized over the next five years from existing customers. It is intended only as a directional measure for future gross margin. It is neither discounted to present value nor is it intended to consider administrative and other costs necessary to realize this margin.

28

Table of Contents

Financial and operating highlights

For the three months ended March 31.

(thousands of dollars, except where indicated and per share amounts)

    

    

% increase

    

Fiscal 2022

(decrease)

    

Fiscal 2021

Revenue

$

582,680

 

7

%  

$

543,975

Base Gross Margin1

 

81,248

 

(22)

%  

 

103,573

Administrative expenses2

 

27,651

 

14

%  

 

24,255

Selling commission expenses

 

19,437

 

(13)

%  

 

22,333

Selling non-commission and marketing expense

 

13,459

 

21

%  

 

11,125

Provision for expected credit loss

 

8,188

 

42

%  

 

5,753

Reorganization Costs

41,003

3

%  

39,814

Interest expense

 

9,394

 

(29)

%  

 

13,297

Impairment of goodwill, intangible assets and other

10,377

(89)

%  

91,451

Income (Loss) for the period

300,450

NMF

3

(306,558)

Base EBITDA1

 

12,913

 

(70)

%  

 

43,390

RCE Mass Markets count

 

1,201,000

 

5

%

 

1,147,000

RCE Mass Markets net adds

27,000

NMF

3

(40,000)

RCE Commercial count

 

1,554,000

 

(13)

%

 

1,789,000

1 See “Non–U.S. GAAP financial measures” above.

2 Includes $0.1 million of Strategic Review costs for the fourth quarter of fiscal 2021.

3 Not a meaningful figure.

Revenue increased by 7% to $582.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $544.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by an increase in the Texas mass market customer base and higher commercial revenue in Canada.

Base Gross Margin decreased by 22% to $81.3 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2022 compared to $103.6 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by unfavorable impact from higher supply cost.

Base EBITDA decreased by 70% to $12.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $43.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by lower Base Gross Margin and higher administrative expenses, investment in digital marketing and sales agent costs, and provision for expected credit loss.

Administrative expenses increased by 14% to $27.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $24.3 million to the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by lower incentive compensation accruals in prior year and certain billing costs that were reported under Base Gross Margin in the previous year.

Selling commission expenses decreased by 13% to $19.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $22.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to lower in-person and commercial sales in prior periods.

Selling non–commission and marketing expenses increased by 21% to $13.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $11.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was driven by investment in digital marketing and sales agent costs to drive customer additions and retention.

Provision for expected credit loss increased by 42% to $8.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $5.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase in provision for expected credit loss was driven from the higher revenues in Texas mass market from an increase in customer base and release of credit reserves in the prior year, for Mass Markets partially offset by the release of credit reserves for Commercial in the current period.

Reorganization Costs include professional and advisory costs of $17.8 million, $1.5 million for the KERP and $21.7 million in prepetition claims, contract terminations and other costs.

29

Table of Contents

Interest expense decreased by 29% to $9.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $13.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease is due to no longer using supplier financing on current payables and no longer accruing interest expense on the Term Loan due to the CCAA proceedings, offset by interest expense on the DIP Facility.

Income from continuing operations was $300.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, compared to a loss from continuing operations of $306.6 million during the three months ended March 31, 2021, primarily driven by an increase in unrealized mark to market gains on derivative instruments associated with supply contracts and the loss related to the Weather Event in the fourth quarter of 2021. Unrealized mark to market gains and losses on derivative financial instruments relate to the supply the Company has purchased to deliver in the future to existing customers at fixed contractual prices.

Mass Markets RCE Net Adds for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was increased by 27,000 compared to a decrease of 40,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 driven by the increase in customer adds.

30

Table of Contents

Financial and operating highlights

For the years ended March 31

(thousands of dollars, except where indicated and per share amounts)

    

    

% increase

    

Fiscal 2022

(decrease)

    

Fiscal 2021

Revenue

$

2,154,608

 

4

%  

$

2,074,828

Base Gross Margin1

 

339,630

 

(17)

%  

 

406,941

Administrative expenses2

 

108,186

 

(4)

%  

 

112,457

Selling commission expenses

 

83,769

 

(14)

%  

 

97,972

Selling non-commission and marketing expense

 

51,583

 

36

%  

 

37,796

Provision for expected credit loss

 

24,242

 

(6)

%  

 

25,712

Reorganization Costs

106,235

167

%  

39,814

Interest expense

 

34,868

 

(46)

%  

 

65,167

Impairment of goodwill, intangible assets and other

10,377

(89)

%  

91,451

Income (Loss) for the period

678,484

NMF

3

(340,776)

Base EBITDA1

 

73,682

 

(47)

%  

 

139,647

Unlevered free cash flow1

 

(10,739)

 

(124)

%  

 

45,630

EGM Mass Market4

 

845,922

 

4

%  

 

816,077

EGM Commercial4

 

253,306

 

(13)

%  

 

291,195

RCE Mass Markets net adds

54,000

NMF

3

(176,000)

1.“See “Non-U.S. GAAP financial measures” above

2.Includes $2.8 million of Strategic Review costs for fiscal 2021.

3.Not a meaningful figure

4.See “Embedded Gross Margin” on page 19

Revenue increased by 4% to $2,154.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $2,074.8 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by an increase in the Texas mass market customer base and higher commercial revenue in Canada.

Base Gross Margin decreased by 17% to $339.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $406.9 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by an unfavorable impact from higher supply costs.

Base EBITDA decreased by 47% to $73.7 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $139.7 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was driven primarily by lower Base Gross Margin and investment in digital and sales agent costs, partially offset by lower selling commission expenses.

Administrative expenses decreased by 4% to $108.2 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $112.5 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by higher professional and legal fees in the prior year.

Selling commission expenses decreased by 14% to $83.8 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $98.0 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to lower direct in-person and commercial sales in prior periods.

Selling non–commission and marketing expenses increased by 36% to $51.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $37.8 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The increase was driven by investment in digital marketing and sales agent costs to drive customer additions and retention.

Provision for expected credit loss decreased by 6% to $24.2 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $25.7 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was driven by the release of reserves due to continued consistent payment trends along with recovery of previous write-offs in the Commercial segment, offset by higher expected credit losses in mass markets due to higher customer additions and higher Texas revenues.

31

Table of Contents

Reorganization Costs include professional and advisory costs of $47.4 million, $7.2 million for the KERP and $51.6 million in prepetition claims, contract terminations and other costs.

Interest expense decreased by 46% to $34.9 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $65.2 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease is due to the September 2020 Recapitalization together with no longer using supplier financing on current payables and no longer accruing interest expense on the Term Loan due to the CCAA proceedings offset by interest expense on the DIP Facility.

Income from continuing operations was $678.5 million, compared to a loss from continuing operations of $340.8 million during the prior year, primarily driven by an increase in unrealized mark to market gains on derivative instruments associated with supply contracts, realized gains on investment and costs reimbursement related to the February 2021 winter storm under HB 4492, partially offset by the impacts of the Weather Event in the fourth quarter of 2021 and reorganization costs related to the proceedings under the CCAA proceedings and similar proceedings in the United States. Unrealized mark to market gains and losses on derivative financial instruments relate to the supply the Company has purchased to deliver in the future to existing customers at fixed contractual prices.

Unlevered free cash flow decreased by $56.4 million to an outflow of $10.7 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to an inflow of $45.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease is due to professional and advisory costs related to the CCAA Proceedings in Fiscal 2022, the non-payment of trade and other payables subject to compromise under the CCAA in Fiscal 2021, offset by higher payments to ERCOT in Fiscal 2021.

Mass Markets EGM increased by 4% to $845.9 million as at March 31, 2022 compared to $816.1 million as at March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by growth in the Texas mass market customer base.

Commercial EGM decreased by 13% to $253.3 million as at March 31, 2022 compared to $291.2 million as at March 31, 2021. The decline resulted from the decrease in the customer base.

Base Gross Margin

For the year ended March 31.

(thousands of dollars)

    

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2021

Mass

Mass

Market

    

Commercial

    

Total

    

Market

    

Commercial

    

Total

Gas

$

44,263

$

13,780

$

58,043

$

85,772

$

21,463

$

107,235

Electricity

 

202,731

 

78,856

 

281,587

 

225,609

 

74,097

 

299,706

$

246,994

$

92,636

$

339,630

$

311,381

$

95,560

$

406,941

Decrease

 

(21)%

 

(3)%

 

(17)%

Mass Markets

Mass Markets Base Gross Margin decreased by 21% to $247.0 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $311.4 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by a decline in average realized Base Gross Margin driven by higher supply costs.

Gas

Mass Markets Gas Base Gross Margin decreased by 48% to $44.3 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $85.8 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by a decline in the customer base and a decrease in average realized Base Gross Margin from higher supply costs.

32

Table of Contents

Electricity

Mass Markets Electricity Base Gross Margin decreased by 10% to $202.7 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $225.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease is primarily driven by a decline in realized Base Gross Margin driven by higher supply costs, partially offset by an increase in the customer base.

Commercial

Commercial Base Gross Margin decreased by 3% to $92.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $95.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by a decline in the customer base.

Gas

Commercial Gas Base Gross Margin decreased by 36% to $13.8 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $21.5 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by lower realized Base Gross Margin and decline in customer base.

Electricity

Commercial Electricity Base Gross Margin increased by 6% to $78.9 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $74.1 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The increase is primarily driven by higher realized Base Gross Margin, partially offset by a decline in customer base.

Mass Markets average realized Base Gross Margin

For the trailing 12 months ended March 31.

    

Fiscal 2022

    

    

Fiscal 2021

Base GM/RCE

% Change

Base GM/RCE

Gas

$

227

 

(11)

%  

$

256

Electricity

 

189

 

(38)

%  

 

305

Total

$

219

 

(18)

%  

$

268

Mass Markets average realized Base Gross Margin for the trailing 12 months ended decreased 18% to $219 compared to $268 for the trailing 12 months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease is primarily attributable to higher supply costs.

Commercial average realized Base Gross Margin

For the trailing 12 months ended March 31.

    

Fiscal 2022

    

    

Fiscal 2021

Base GM/RCE

% Change

Base GM/RCE

Gas

$

51

 

(39)

%  

$

83

Electricity

 

82

 

17

%  

 

70

Total

$

75

 

3

%

$

73

Commercial average realized Base Gross Margin for the trailing 12 months ended increased 3% to $75 compared to $73 for the trailing 12 months ended March 31, 2021. The increase is primarily driven by higher average realized Base Gross Margin in the electricity markets.

33

Table of Contents

Base EBITDA

For the three months ended March 31.

(thousands of dollars)

    

Fiscal 2022

    

Fiscal 2021

    

Reconciliation to Consolidated Statements of Operations

Income (Loss) for the period

$

300,450

$

(306,558)

Add:

 

 

  

Interest expense

 

9,394

 

13,297

Provision (recovery) for income taxes

 

75,022

 

(1,815)

Amortization and depreciation

 

3,825

 

4,483

EBITDA

$

388,691

$

(290,593)

Add (subtract):

 

 

  

Unrealized (gain) loss of derivative instruments and other

 

(430,709)

 

(128,994)

Weather Event

320,200

Recapitalization costs

(8)

Reorganization Costs

 

41,003

 

39,814

Share-based compensation

 

330

 

664

Impairment of goodwill, intangible assets and other

10,377

91,451

Strategic Review costs

 

 

53

Realized (gain) loss of derivative instruments included in cost of goods sold

 

3,246

 

(1,019)

Loss from discontinued operations

Uplift charges ERCOT

10,183

(Gain) loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

(25)

 

11

Sales tax settlement

1,499

Assets held for sale

129

Base EBITDA

$

12,913

$

43,390

Add(subtract)

Gross margin

$

27,000

$

(1,926,144)

Realized gain (loss) of derivative instruments and other

 

54,248

 

1,697,835

Sales tax settlement

-

1,499

Weather Event

-

330,383

Base Gross Margin

 

81,248

 

103,573

Add (subtract):

 

 

  

Administrative expenses

 

(27,651)

 

(24,255)

Selling commission expenses

 

(19,437)

 

(22,333)

Selling non-commission and marketing expense

 

(13,459)

 

(11,125)

Provision for expected credit loss

 

(8,188)

 

(5,753)

Strategic Review costs

 

-

 

53

Amortization included in cost of sales

 

16

 

34

Share-based compensation

330

664

(Gain) loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

(25)

 

11

Other income

 

79

 

2,521

Base EBITDA

$

12,913

$

43,390

Analysis of the fourth quarter

Base EBITDA, which excludes the financial impact to the Company of the Weather Event, decreased by 70% to $12.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $43.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was driven primarily by lower Base Gross Margin, higher administrative expenses, investment in digital and sales agent costs, partially offset by lower selling commission expenses.

34

Table of Contents

Base gross margin, which excludes the financial impact to the Company of the Weather Event, decreased by 22% to $81.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $103.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in Base gross margin was primarily driven by higher supply costs.

Administrative expenses increased by 14% to $27.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $24.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase was primarily driven by lower incentive compensation accruals in prior year and certain billing costs that were reported under Base Gross Margin in the previous year.

Selling commission expenses decreased by 13% to $19.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $22.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to lower direct in-person and commercial sales in prior periods.

Selling non-commission and marketing expenses increased by 21% to $13.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $11.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021 The increase was driven by investment in digital marketing and sales agent costs to drive customer additions and retention.  

Provision for expected credit loss increased by 42% to $8.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 compared to $5.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021. The increase in provision for expected credit loss was driven from the higher revenues in Texas Mass Market from an increase in customer base and release of credit reserves in the prior year for Mass Markets partially offset by the release of credit reserves for Commercial in the current period.

35

Table of Contents

Base EBITDA

For the year ended March 31.

(thousands of dollars)

    

Fiscal 2022

    

Fiscal 2021

Reconciliation to Consolidated Statements of Operations

Income (Loss) for the period

$

678,484

$

(340,776)

Add:

 

 

  

Interest expense

 

34,868

 

65,167

Provision for income taxes

 

72,495

 

1,736

Amortization and depreciation

 

19,760

 

18,269

EBITDA

$

805,607

$

(255,604)

Add (subtract):

 

 

  

Unrealized (gain) loss of derivative instruments and other

 

(682,393)

 

(50,923)

Weather Event

(147,958)

320,200

Recapitalization costs

(38,915)

Reorganization Costs

 

106,235

 

39,814

Gain on investment

(15,041)

Restructuring Costs

5,368

Non-cash adjustment to green obligations

(3,633)

Share-based compensation

 

1,480

 

4,962

Impairment of inventory

530

Impairment of goodwill, intangible assets and other

10,377

91,451

Strategic Review costs

 

 

2,801

Realized (gain) loss of derivative instruments included in cost of goods sold

 

(1,564)

 

2,534

Uplift charges ERCOT

10,183

Loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

43

 

106

Sales tax settlement

7,699

Assets held for sale

(29)

Base EBITDA

$

73,682

$

139,647

Add(subtract)

Gross margin

$

326,630

$

(1,427,675)

Realized gain (loss) of derivative instruments and other

 

164,591

 

1,496,535

Non-cash adjustment to green obligations

(3,633)

Sales tax settlement

7,699

Weather Event

(147,958)

330,382

Base Gross Margin

 

339,630

 

406,941

Add (subtract):

 

 

  

Administrative expenses

 

(108,186)

 

(112,457)

Selling commission expenses

 

(83,769)

 

(97,972)

Selling non-commission and marketing expense

 

(51,583)

 

(37,796)

Provision for expected credit loss

 

(24,242)

 

(25,712)

Strategic Review costs

 

 

2,801

Amortization included in cost of sales

 

173

 

158

Share-based compensation

1,480

4,962

Loss attributable to non-controlling interest

 

43

 

106

Other income (expense)

 

136

 

(1,384)

Base EBITDA

$

73,682

$

139,647

Base EBITDA, which excludes the financial impact of the Weather Event, decreased by 47% to $73.7 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $139.7 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was driven primarily by lower Base Gross Margin and investment in digital and sales agent costs, partially offset by lower selling commission expenses.

36

Table of Contents

Base Gross Margin, which excludes the financial impact of the Weather Event, decreased by 17% to $339.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $406.9 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in Base Gross Margin was primarily driven by higher supply costs.

Administrative expenses decreased by 4% to $108.2 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $112.5 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily driven by higher professional and legal fees in the prior year.

Selling commission expenses decreased by 14% to $83.8 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $98.0 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was primarily due to lower direct in-person and commercial sales in prior periods.

Selling non–commission and marketing expenses increased by 36% to $51.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $37.8 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The increase was driven by investment in digital marketing and sales agent costs to drive customer additions and retention.

Provision for expected credit loss decreased by 6% to $24.2 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $25.7 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease was driven by the release of reserves due to continued consistent payment trends along with recovery of previous write-offs in the Commercial segment, offset by higher expected credit losses in mass markets due to higher customer additions and higher Texas revenues.

Summary of quarterly results for continuing operations

(thousands of dollars, except per share amounts)

Q4

Q3

Q2

Q1

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2022

Fiscal 2022

Revenues

$

582,680

$

516,185

$

559,382

$

496,361

Cost of goods sold

 

555,680

 

346,675

 

494,612

 

431,011

Gross margin

 

27,000

 

169,510

 

64,770

 

65,350

Realized gain of derivative instruments and other

 

54,248

 

63,885

 

33,726

 

12,732

Weather Event

 

 

(148,537)

 

(2,421)

 

3,000

Non-cash adjustment to green obligations

(3,633)

Base Gross Margin

 

81,248

 

84,858

 

92,442

 

81,082

Administrative expenses

 

27,651

 

26,074

 

29,816

 

24,643

Selling commission expenses

 

19,437

 

21,582

 

22,102

 

20,648

Selling non-commission and marketing expenses

 

13,459

 

13,000

 

13,436

 

11,688

Provision for expected credit loss

 

8,188

 

7,036

 

2,945

 

6,073

Interest expense

 

9,394

 

8,890

 

7,754

 

8,831

Income (loss) for the period from continuing operations

 

300,450

 

(110,881)

 

265,082

 

223,834

Income (loss) for the period

 

300,450

 

(110,881)

 

265,082

 

223,834

Base EBITDA from continuing operations

 

12,913

 

17,540

 

24,458

 

18,772

37

Table of Contents

Q4

Q3

Q2

Q1

Fiscal 2021

Fiscal 2021

Fiscal 2021

Fiscal 2021

Revenues

$

543,975

$

481,619

$

553,862

$

495,372

Cost of goods sold

 

2,470,119

 

343,059

 

388,195

 

301,130

Gross margin

 

(1,926,144)

 

138,560

 

165,667

 

194,242

Realized loss of derivative instruments and other

 

1,697,835

 

(43,573)

 

(61,892)

 

(95,836)

Weather Event

330,383

 

 

 

Sales Tax settlement

1,499

 

6,200

 

 

Base Gross Margin

 

103,573

 

101,188

 

103,774

 

98,406

Administrative expenses

 

24,255

 

24,525

 

34,275

 

29,402

Selling commission expenses

 

22,333

 

23,403

 

26,271

 

25,965

Selling non-commission and marketing expenses

 

11,125

 

9,023

 

9,711

 

7,938

Provision for expected credit loss

 

5,753

 

2,579

 

8,744

 

8,636

Interest expense

 

13,297

 

13,648

 

22,376

 

15,846

Income (loss) for the period from continuing operations

 

(306,429)

 

(56,348)

 

(29,775)

 

51,747

Income (loss) for the period from discontinued operations, net

 

(129)

 

2,849

 

(2,655)

 

(36)

Income (loss) for the period

 

(306,558)

 

(53,499)

 

(32,429)

 

51,711

Base EBITDA from continuing operations

 

43,391

 

42,431

 

24,551

 

29,276

Just Energy’s results reflect seasonality, as Gas consumption by customers is typically highest in October through March and lowest in April through September. Electricity consumption is typically highest in January through March and July through September and lowest in October through December and April through June. Electricity and gas customers (RCEs) currently represent 78% and 22% of the commodity customer base, respectively. Since consumption for each commodity is influenced by weather, Just Energy believes the annual quarter over quarter comparisons are more relevant than sequential quarter comparisons.

Segmented Base EBITDA

For the year ended March 31.

(thousands of dollars)

Fiscal 2022